مقاله انگلیسی مدیریت ریسک در طول چرخه عمر باتری های لیتیوم یون
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مقاله انگلیسی مدیریت ریسک در طول چرخه عمر باتری های لیتیوم یون

عنوان فارسی مقاله: مدیریت ریسک در طول چرخه عمر باتری های لیتیوم یون در وسایل نقلیه الکتریکی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Risk management over the life cycle of lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles
مجله/کنفرانس: بررسی های انرژی تجدید پذیر و پایدار - Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی مواد، مهندسی شیمی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: متالورژی، کاتالیست و ترموسینتیک
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: مدیریت پایان عمر ، باتری های لیتیوم یون ، وسایل نقلیه الکتریکی ، آتش سوزی ، آلودگی ، ایمنی ، استفاده مجدد ، بازیافت ، باتری های EV ، سیستم های ذخیره انرژی باتری ، حوادث
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: End of life management, Lithium-ion batteries, Electric vehicles, Fire, Pollution, Safety, Reuse, Recycling, EV batteries, Battery energy storage systems, Incidents
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2021.111240
دانشگاه: Newcastle University, United Kingdom
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2021
ایمپکت فاکتور: 16.300 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 295 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 3.522 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 1364-0321
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 17
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15463
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
نوع رفرنس دهی: vancouver
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Highlights


Abstract


Graphical abstract


Keywords


Nomenclature


1. Introduction


2. Why focusing on LIB risk management and safety issues?


2. Contextualising the relative levels of risk of electric vehicle LIBs


3. Potential failure mechanisms of LIBs


4. Origins and categorisation of risks associated with LIBs


5. End of Life LIB incidents


6. Safety measures, regulatory gaps and discussions


7. Conclusions


Credit author statement


Declaration of competing interest


Acknowledgments


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Lithium-ion Batteries (LIB) are an essential facilitator of the decarbonisation of the transport and energy system, and their high energy densities represent a major technological achievement and resource for humankind. In this research, it has been argued that LIBs have penetrated everyday life faster than our understanding of the risks and challenges associated with them. The current safety standards in the car industry have benefited from over 130 years of evolution and refinement, and Electric Vehicle (EV) and LIB are comparably in their infancy. This paper considers some of the issues of safety over the life cycle of batteries, including: the End of Life disposal of batteries, their potential reuse in a second-life application (e.g. in Battery Energy Storage Systems), recycling and unscheduled End of Life (i.e. accidents). The failure mechanism and reports from a range of global case studies, scenarios and incidents are described to infer potential safety issues and highlight lessons that can be learned. Therefore, the safety risks of LIBs were categorised, and the regularity requirements to create and inform a wider debate on the general safety of LIBs were discussed. From the analysis, a range of gaps in current approaches have been identified and the risk management systems was discussed. Ultimately, it is concluded that robust educational and legal processes are needed to understand and manage the risks for first responders and the public at large to ensure a safe and beneficial transition to low carbon transportation and energy system.


 


1. Introduction

Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have penetrated deeply into society, finding a wide range of applications in personal electronic devices since their discovery and development in the 1980s and 90s, and more recently in larger energy systems for traction and energy storage. This is mainly owing to the unique characteristics of LIB technology, i.e. high energy densities, high voltage, good stability, low self-discharge rate, long-life cycle and availability of a wide range of chemistries with diverse electrode designs [1,2]. LIBs are incorporated into ever widening application areas and are to be found at scales as diverse as their usages. This is evidenced by the growth in the uptake of LIBs having increased eight fold between 2010 and 2018 to 160 GWh [3] and the steady increase in annual sales of LIBs which are predicted to be upwards of 4 TWh by 2040 [4]. In the UK, it is forecast that the number of LIBs reaching the end of their life from automotive applications would have reached approximately 75,000 units, or 28,000 t by 2025 [5]. The advent of lithium-ion technology and the paradigm shift in the energy and power density capabilities that it represents, are perceived as the enabling technology for an extremely broad range of energy storage applications. Accordingly, LIBs are increasingly recognised as essential and integral to enable the large-scale temporary storage of electrical energy from renewable energy sources.

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