بهبود وضعیت طبیعت در شهرها
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بهبود وضعیت طبیعت در شهرها

عنوان فارسی مقاله: بهبود وضعیت طبیعت در شهرها: اولویت مردم برای خیابان های گیاهی چیست؟
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Improving nature experience in cities: What are people's preferences for vegetated streets?
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله مدیریت زیست محیطی - Journal of Environmental Management
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی معماری، مهندسی شهرسازی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: معماری منظر، طراحی شهری
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: شهری، پوشش گیاهی، ادراک، ترجیح، خیابان
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Urban، Spontaneous vegetation، Perception، Preference، Street
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: MedLine - Scopus - Master Journal List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.09.056
دانشگاه: Ecole de la Nature et du Paysage (INSA Centre Val de Loire Blois) - UMR CNRS 7324 CITERES - France
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4/219 در سال 2017
شاخص H_index: 131 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1/161 در سال 2017
شناسه ISSN: 0301-4797
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2017
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 10
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
کد محصول: E10748
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Material and methods


3- Results


4- Discussion


5- Conclusion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


In the current context of strong urban sprawl, it becomes urgent to find urban approaches that simultaneously promote ecological functions and relationships between people and nature in cities. Streets are omnipresent urban elements that can deliver ecosystem services and facilitate people daily interactions with nature. Promoting vegetation in streets can take different forms which have to be combined with people's preferences. Based on photomontages, we assessed people's perceptions and valuations for herbaceous vegetation types associated to various managements and designs of pavements. Using a combination of a local field survey and a French national online survey, we collected a total of 3609 responses representing a large diversity of socio-demographic characteristics. The results of the field survey confirmed those of the online survey. Although there was variability among people valuations, we found that lowly managed pavements with spontaneous vegetation were in average higher valued than highly managed pavements without vegetation. Pavements with spontaneous vegetation were perceived as less kept than pavements without vegetation, but more beautiful and less boring. We found a consensus of high valuations towards pavements containing vegetation integrated in small design interventions (flowers seeded in foot of wall, design of a meadow strip along the pavement), suggesting that people generally accept vegetation with visible signs of human actions or managements. Socio-demographic characteristics partly explained variabilities in photo valuations. As expected, people frequently connected with nature had the highest preferences for vegetated pavements, spontaneous or integrated in designs. These results show that vegetated streets can become daily biodiversity-friendly urban greenspaces appreciated by urban dwellers. We provide recommendations for promoting vegetation in streets that will be useful for politics, urban designers and managers.


Introduction


The current strong urban sprawl causes profound changes in ecological habitats and associated biodiversity (Grimm et al., 2008). However, it is now recognized that nature experience is required for improving urban dweller health and well-being (Botzat et al., 2016; Cox et al., 2017b) and that it can change people attitudes towards pro-environmental behaviors (Soga and Gaston, 2016). In this context, it is necessary that researchers, designers and managers propose urban approaches that simultaneously promote ecological functions and relationships between people and nature (Aronson et al., 2017; Gaston et al., 2013; Soga and Gaston, 2016). Nature in cities can be promoted at various scales in multiple public or private spaces (Aronson et al., 2017; Beninde et al., 2015). Land sparing and land sharing have been proposed as two spatial approaches located at both opposite ends of a continuum of nature conservation strategies (Lin and Fuller, 2013). Land sparing which consists in introducing large green spaces (e.g. parks) within a compact urban matrix has been shown an adapted strategy for hosting some large animals and uncommon plant species (Caryl et al., 2016; Kendal et al., 2017; Villaseñor et al., 2017) and to develop various people uses including walking, resting or jogging (Palliwoda et al., 2017). However, this approach induces a travel distance between housing and parks which can be a barrier to frequent people use (Soga et al., 2015).

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