نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله
Business intelligence (BI) is emerging as a critical area of expertise for firms’ value proposition. Firms are trying to leverage BI as an inherent capability to create value. Considering an organizational systems view, BI extends beyond a tool or artifact to include a number of capabilities. We draw on IT capabilities and prior research on BI to uncover potential capabilities that BI bestows to an organization. A three category BI capability classification is suggested: BI innovation infrastructure capability, BI process capability and BI integration capability. We discuss the attributes of these three BI capabilities to provide insights into how the capabilities help organizations. This taxonomy will help decision-makers take informed decisions on how to effectively implement BI within their organization to improve performance.
Business Intelligence (BI) is referred to the techniques, technologies, systems, practices, methodologies, and applications that analyze critical business data to help an enterprise better understand its business and market and make timely business decisions (Ramakrishnan et al. 2012). BI helps transform large amount of data from disparate sources into meaningful information to support decision making. BI investment is estimated to grow from $54.5 billion in the year 2012 to $96.9 billion in the year 2016 (Tabbitt 2013). BI is being used in almost all industry sectors and is a top priority for organizations (Isik et al. 2013).
3.4 Using the Taxonomy
With the advent of business intelligence, organizations are somewhat moved by a ‘fad’ effect around this tool. In practice, while the buzz around BI is very high, BI perspectives and viewpoints vary across firms, with differing concepts, definitions and applications. While eliminating the differences would be a herculean task, integrating BI perspectives into holistic models can certainly be a fruitful approach. The intention of this chapter is to provide such a holistic view around BI integration in an organization, albeit with a bias towards a capability perspective. Taking the capabilities perspective helps to highlight the fact the BI is ‘not just a fad’ or buzz’ in the practice and academic discourse, but it can be helpful in garnering higher organizational performance. Indeed, the theoretical concepts and model developed in this chapter are oriented towards establishing the relationships between different dimensions of BI capabilities, their integrated schema, and the influence of these dimensions on organizational performance.