نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله
If sustainability transitions research is to be relevant for upscaled diffusion of radical innovations and wide systemic socio-technical changes, then markets remain critical to account for. Founding frameworks in transition studies regard markets and market formation as important. Yet, the conceptualization of markets has so far not been elaborate: markets are mostly pictured as target areas for sustainable innovation and emphasis is on diffusion and user involvement. This special issue aims to unpack the notion of markets and market formation in sustainability transitions. The special issue contains in total 13 papers, which draw on theory from various scientific disciplines, use diverse research approaches, and cover a multitude of contexts. Altogether, the collection of papers stimulates broader theorizing of markets in sustainability transitions and the formulation of an agenda for future studies on markets in sustainability transitions. This editorial paper proposes relevant topics for such a research agenda.
Founding frameworks in transition studies regard markets and market formation as critical for transitions to unfold (Geels, 2004) and innovation systems to emerge (Dewald and Truffer, 2011; Hekkert et al., 2007). Conceptualization of markets have, however, so far not been elaborate, perhaps because empirically sustainable technologies only recently began to be ready to scale (Hyysalo et al., 2018) or because markets are regarded as rational trade arenas (Diaz Riuz, 2012). Presently, markets are mostly pictured as target areas for sustainable innovation and emphasis is on diffusion and user involvement.
This special issue aims to unpack the notion of markets, market formation and market shaping in sustainability transitions. The main motivation for this focus is that if sustainability transitions research is to be relevant for upscaled diffusion of sustainable innovations, wide systemic socio-technical changes, and extensive restructuring of economies, then markets remain critical to account for. Markets affect the form of consumed goods and services; they can facilitate and inhibit exchange of resources, hence serving to coordinate or stall transformative processes. We build on recent sustainability transitions literature that made initial steps in conceptualizing the development, formation, creation, and shaping of markets (Boon et al., 2020; Dewald and Truffer, 2012; Hyysalo, 2021; Ottosson et al., 2020; Schanz et al., 2019) and a dialog session at the 2020 International Sustainability Transitions Conference.
The papers in this special issue have highlighted and nuanced the instance of markets and market formation in the context of transitions. The contributing articles show that markets are populated with a wide variety of actors, ranging from companies to community groups and public actors. Markets have material and exchange dimensions, but they are also embedded in wider sociotechnical and economic systems. The demarcation of markets is subject to construction of material as well as socio-political and cognitive artefacts, such as narratives. Altogether, the special issue constitutes a basis for a research agenda for future studies on markets in sustainability studies. Future research may focus on specific aspects such as incumbency, policy and power relations influencing markets, different characteristics of markets, and different stages of market evolution. However, future research should also adopt critical perspectives to highlight the limitations of markets and situate markets in broader economic contexts. Markets can have a certain directionality and be precursor to future market developments and the formation of new markets. In this light, the main takeaway is to investigate markets and the opportunities there are to shape them to favor sustainable transformation by taking a process perspective.