نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله
Objectives: The present study was designed to find the importance of proper screening and early diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus.
Study Design: A prospective/ descriptive study
Place of Study: tertiary care hospital Hyderabad.
Duration of Study: from September 2014 to November 2014.
Materials and Methods: A total of 168 pregnant females between the ages of 20-40 years & in their 24th to 28th week of gestation were enrolled for the study. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test of all the participants was done after an overnight fasting of 10-12 hours. All the participants were given 75gm of glucose per 100 ml of distilled water. The blood samples were collected after two hours time for serum glucose levels.
Results: Most of the participants were below 26 years of age 47(27.9%) with the mean age of 30.2±5.83 years. However the highest prevalence of GDM was observed in age group 31-35 years (36%). Among the 25 cases of gestational diabetes mellitus the highest number of patients with GDM were multipara (40%) followed by parity of 3-4 gravida (32%). Twenty seven women (16%) women had family history of diabetes mellitus. Among these 12/27 (44.4%) women were found with GDM, compared to 15/141 (10.6%) who have no family history of diabetes mellitus. Total 14 (8.33%) women were found obese, out of these 8 (57%) women had GDM while only 6 (42.8%) women had no GDM.
Conclusion: The prevalence of GDM in the present study is found to be 14.8%. A prevalence of GDM was higher in the elderly multiparous females who were overweight and had family history of diabetes mellitus.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) refers to clinical presence of diabetes mellitus in a pregnant lady which remits following the termination of delivery. Thus the elevated levels of serum glucose levels in a pregnant lady who has no any evidence of diabetes in the past years is termed as gestational diabetes mellitus. It predicts risk for overt diabetes in women.1,2 GDM affects the health of pregnant females and results. About 3-10% of all pregnancies are complicated by diabetes.3