نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله
A firm's competitive advantage originates increasingly from absorbing external knowledge. Absorbing external knowledge and the underlying learning processes are referred to as a company's absorptive capacity. In this article, we outline research trends on absorptive capacity. We apply a bibliometric analysis to describe the concept's historical development, define the intellectual core of the absorptive capacity concept, and discuss recent conceptualizations. Then, we identify two prominent streams in the absorptive capacity literature and provide a new approach on how to integrate them. Finally, we provide an outlook on possible themes in future research on absorptive capacity.
Both practitioners and academics increasingly recognize that competitive advantages no longer rely on internal knowledge alone, but rather originate from absorbing external knowledge. This in turn is based on learning processes, which are directed at exploring, assimilating, transforming, and exploiting external knowledge (Camisón and Forés, 2010; Gebauer et al., 2012; Lane et al., 2006). These learning processes support companies in converting their external knowledge into innovations. The literature refers to the absorption of external knowledge and the underlying learning processes as a company’s absorptive capacity (Cohen and Levinthal, 1989, 1990).