مقاله انگلیسی هر آنچه در مورد ساس ها باید بدانید: سازش با دشمن
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مقاله انگلیسی هر آنچه در مورد ساس ها باید بدانید: سازش با دشمن

عنوان فارسی مقاله: سازش با دشمن: هر آنچه در مورد زیست شناسی ، اهمیت بالینی و شناسایی آزمایشگاه ساس ها باید بدانید
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Sleeping with the Enemy: Everything You Need to Know about the Biology, Clinical Significance, and Laboratory Identification of Bed Bugs
مجله/کنفرانس: خبرنامه میکروب شناسی بالینی - Clinical Microbiology Newsletter
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: زیست شناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: میکروبیولوژی، علوم جانوری
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinmicnews.2020.12.004
دانشگاه: Institute for Clinical and Experimental Pathology, Utah
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2021
ایمپکت فاکتور: 0.704 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 21 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 0.283 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 0196-4399
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q3 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 7
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E15342
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
نوع رفرنس دهی: vancouver
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Introduction


Species Implicated in Human Infestations


Biology and Life Cycle


Epidemiology of C. lectularius and C. hemipterus


Clinical Relevance


Control


Laboratory Collection, Identification, and Reporting


Specimen collection and handling


Morphologic features of adults and nymphs


Identification of the species of cimicids reported from humans


Reporting


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


The world has experienced a major global resurgence of bed bug infestations over the past 2 decades. While bed bugs do not serve as vectors of disease, their bites and household infestations result in significant psychological distress, clinical manifestations, and economic costs. Most human bed bug infestations are caused by the “common bed bug,” Cimex lectularius, or the “tropical bed bug,” C. hemipterus. Zoonotic cimicids also occasionally feed on humans. Bites are the most commonly reported manifestation of infestations, although findings may be subtle and overlooked for some time. The bugs can be submitted to the laboratory for identification, and therefore, clinical microbiologists should be familiar with their key identifying features and how they can be differentiated from similar-appearing arthropods. This review covers the biology and epidemiology of bed bugs; aspects of laboratory collection, identification, and reporting; and the clinical implications of bed bug infestations.


Introduction


“Good night, sleep tight; don’t let the bed bugs bite.” This version of the well-known rhyme was first published in 1896 in the book What They Say in New England by Clifton Johnson, but variations of this verse can be found in the literature in the decades before [1]. While a seemingly innocent bedtime rhyme, it reflects the reality of life in colonial New England, in which residents went to bed hoping not to be bitten by these blood-sucking pests while they were sleeping. We now know that bed bugs have long been associated with human habitats, being found in references throughout history and from archaeological sites dating back 3,500 years [2]. Bed bugs were thought to have spread throughout Asia and Europe in the early centuries of the Common Era, and later traveled to the Americas aboard ships of early European sailors [3]. By the 1900s, bed bugs were estimated to be in 1/3 of the dwellings in European cities and disproportionately affected those living in poor, crowded neighborhoods. While bed bugs do not serve as vectors of disease, their bites and household infestations result in psychological distress, a range of unpleasant clinical manifestations, property loss, and other substantial economic costs [4, 5, 6]. It was only with the widespread household use of dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) and other potent long-lasting pesticides throughout the 1940s to 1960s that the prevalence of bed bug infestations significantly decreased worldwide [3].
Unfortunately, the world is now experiencing a major resurgence in bed bug infestations, with an explosion of reports beginning around the turn of the century [4, 7]. Although the exact cause of this resurgence is unknown, it is thought to be due to multiple factors, including widespread resistance to commonly used pesticides, increased domestic and international travel, and the decline in public health pest control programs that occurred in the latter half of the 1900s [8].

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