مقاله انگلیسی نام های مستعار در شیمی بالینی
ترجمه نشده

مقاله انگلیسی نام های مستعار در شیمی بالینی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: نام های مستعار در شیمی بالینی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Eponyms in clinical chemistry
مجله/کنفرانس: کلینیک شیمیایی اکتا - Clinica Chimica Acta
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: زیست شناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: بیوشیمی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: اسامی مستعار ، شیمی بالینی ، بلات جنوبی ، توالی محاصره ، بیوپتن
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Eponyms, Clinical chemistry, Southern blot, Sanger sequencing, Biopython
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: JCR - Master Journal List - Scopus - MedLine
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2020.11.014
دانشگاه: University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2021
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2.615 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 135 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 0.876 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 0009-8981
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 5
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15343
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
نوع رفرنس دهی: vancouver
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Highlights


Abstract


Graphical abstract


Keywords


1. Introduction


2. Materials and methods


3. Results


4. Discussion


Credit authorship contribution statement


Appendix A. Supplementary material


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

ABSTRACT

Background: Eponyms are commonly used in medicine, but there are no specific studies of the use of eponyms in clinical chemistry. Methods: Clinical chemistry eponyms were manually collected from books, review articles and journal articles from 1847 through 2020. Eponym usage was examined by searching titles and abstracts in PubMed. Custom Python scripts were used to first permute eponyms into multiple forms, and then to search PubMed using Biopython. The eponyms identified in PubMed were further focused on 2 clinical chemistry journals Clinica Chimica Acta [CCA] and Clinical Chemistry [CCJ]. Results: The manual collection identified >300 eponyms in clinical chemistry. The Biopython search of PubMed identified a subset of 97 unique eponyms in 33,232 articles. PubMed identified 26 eponyms used in 130 CCA articles; whereas a full-text search identified 1187 articles. In comparison, PubMed identified 36 eponyms used in 158 CCJ articles; whereas a full-text CCJ search identified 708 articles. PubMed shows that the journals CCA and CCJ had a peak number of eponym citations in 1977 followed by a steady decline. Conclusions: Eponyms have been frequently used in clinical chemistry with 97 eponyms in common use in PubMed. Overall, the use of clinical chemistry eponyms appears to be declining.

1. Introduction

Naming chemical reactions, chemical reagents, mathematical equations, units, coefficients, constants, laws, diseases, and clinical signs and symptoms, after people (eponyms), places (toponyms) or mythical beings (mythonyms) is not uncommon, and there are a number of compendia of medical eponyms [1–3]. Likewise, in the field of clinical pathology there are compendia of eponyms used in hematology [4], and microbiology [5], but we are not aware of a compendium of eponyms relating specifically to clinical chemistry. There are some general works published at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century that list named “tests (reagents)” [6], reagents and reactions relevant to physiological-pathological chemistry [7], pharmacology/ toxicology [8], “tests and reagents known by their author’s names” of practical utility for “the busy chemist, microscopist, and pharmacist” [9], and reactions and reagents for the doctor, analyst, pharmacist, and chemist [10]. Although these lists contain some clinical chemistry eponyms, by and large, they are general lists with an emphasis on chemistry tests and reagents. Eponyms abound in clinical chemistry, including some derived from general laboratory sciences (e.g., Erlenmeyer flask), or from the intersection of clinical chemistry with physics (e.g., Rayleigh scattering), biochemistry (e.g., Michaelis-Menten kinetics), and statistics (e.g., Kruskall-Wallis test). Recently, we examined the natural history of the Malloy-Evelyn Reaction, and traced the coinage and chronology of the adoption of this eponym [11]. We have now extended our study of eponyms and have compiled a list of eponyms relating specifically to clinical chemistry methods, tests, reagents, apparatus, tables, formulae, and coefficients, and examined their usage in clinical chemistry over time.

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