مقاله انگلیسی آبزی پروری ماهی آزاد "دریایی" و شناسایی نیازها برای تنظیم محیط زیست
ترجمه نشده

مقاله انگلیسی آبزی پروری ماهی آزاد "دریایی" و شناسایی نیازها برای تنظیم محیط زیست

عنوان فارسی مقاله: آبزی پروری ماهی آزاد "دریایی" و شناسایی نیازها برای تنظیم محیط زیست
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: ‘Offshore’ salmon aquaculture and identifying the needs for environmental regulation
مجله/کنفرانس: آبزی پروری - Aquaculture
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی منابع طبیعی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: آبزی پروری
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: برنامه ریزی آبزی پروری، افشا شده، آبزی پروری دریایی، مقررات، پرورش ماهی قزل آلا، گزینش سایت
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Aquaculture planning - Exposed - Offshore aquaculture - Regulation - Salmon farming - Site selection
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2021.737342
دانشگاه: موسسه آبزی پروری، دانشگاه استرلینگ، انگلستان
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2022
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4.088 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 176 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 1.066 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 0044-8486
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 10
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله فرضیه دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15691
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست مطالب (انگلیسی)

Highlights


Abstract


Keywords


1. Introduction


2. Methods


2.1. Review of literature


2.2. Online questionnaires


3. Results


3.1. Literature review results


3.2. Dictionary review results


3.3. Questionnaire results


3.4. Additional comments from stakeholder feedback


4. Discussion


5. Conclusion


Ethics statement


Declaration of Competing Interest


Acknowledgements


References

بخشی از مقاله (انگلیسی)

Abstract


‘Offshore’ aquaculture has gained increased attention as a potential route of expanding production of commercially important finfish species such as Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). However, there is a lack of clarity about the term ‘offshore’ and how different ‘offshore’ environments are, compared to more traditional coastal or inshore locations. This uncertainty is an issue for effective governance and regulation and is a bottleneck for development that must be addressed. This study used a mixed method approach to evaluate what is meant by ‘offshore’ production and determine if existing approaches are suitable for licensing and regulating ‘offshore’ salmon aquaculture in Scotland, as a case study. First, a systematic literature review was used to assess academic studies and then an online questionnaire was used to gather views from salmon aquaculture stakeholders in Scotland and other countries. The results show there is inconsistency in what is perceived by the term ‘offshore’ aquaculture, making it challenging to determine a global definition. Literature, which was not limited to salmon production, tended to focus on distance from the coast but salmon aquaculture stakeholders had very mixed views, though a slight majority considered wave exposure was the key characteristic. The stakeholders indicated there may be a number of benefits of ‘offshore’ salmon aquaculture, but also suggested that existing regulations are not appropriate for ‘offshore’ salmon production and could be enhanced. The study results suggest that regulators and stakeholders need to agree on consistent terminology that characterises the production environment. 


 


1. Introduction

Coastal regions are highly productive and an important resource for food production through aquaculture and fisheries. However, there is considerable competition and conflict from other users, so space for expansion of aquaculture is often limited (Sanchez-Jerez et al., 2016). Such constraints could affect contributions to global food supply as demand for aquatic products continues to rise (FAO, 2018). Thus, in many areas, if the aquaculture industry is to grow and increase production, there is a need to consider other locations. One of the alternatives to coastal farms is the use of so called ‘offshore’ sites, and consequently ‘offshore’ aquaculture has gained increased attention in recent years for both fish and shellfish (Jansen et al., 2016; Gentry et al., 2016; Barill´e et al., 2020). In 2010 the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) held a workshop that classified mariculture into three categories based on site location (coastal, off the coast and offshore). The expert group defined mariculture as “offshore when it is located > 2 km or out of sight from the coast, in water depths > 50 m, with waves heights of 5 m or more, ocean swells, variable winds and strong ocean currents, in locations that are exposed (open sea, e.g. ≥ 180◦ open) and where there is a requirement for remote operations, automated feeding, and where remote monitoring of operating system may be required” (Lovatelli et al., 2013). This definition is prescriptive and consequently only relevant at present to few existing or exploited sites.

دیدگاه خود را بنویسید:

تاکنون دیدگاهی برای این نوشته ارسال نشده است