مقاله انگلیسی همه گیری COVID-19 و الگوهای جرم و جنایت در مکزیکو سیتی
ترجمه نشده

مقاله انگلیسی همه گیری COVID-19 و الگوهای جرم و جنایت در مکزیکو سیتی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: قاچاقچیان مواد مخدر در خانه نمی مانند: همه گیری COVID-19 و الگوهای جرم و جنایت در مکزیکو سیتی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Druglords don’t stay at home: COVID-19 pandemic and crime patterns in Mexico City
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله عدالت کیفری - Journal of Criminal Justice
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: حقوق
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: حقوق عمومی، حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: جرم، جرایم سازمان یافته، کووید -19، مکزیک
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Crime - Organized crime - COVID-19 - Mexico
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2020.101745
دانشگاه: School of Government, Tecnologico de Monterrey, Mexico
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2021
ایمپکت فاکتور: 3.159 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 80 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 1.638 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 0047-2352
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 13
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله فرضیه دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15780
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست مطالب (انگلیسی)

Highlights


Abstract


Keywords


JEL


1. Introduction


2. COVID-19 and crime


3. Empirical strategy


4. Results


5. Discussion


6. Conclusion


Declaration of Competing Interest


Appendix A. Appendix


References

بخشی از مقاله (انگلیسی)

Abstract


Objective
To investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on conventional crime and organized crime in Mexico City, Mexico.


Methods
Mexico City's Attorney General's Office reported crime data, covering domestic violence, burglary, robbery, vehicle theft, assault-battery, homicides, kidnapping, and extortion. We use an event study for the intertemporal variation across the 16 districts (municipalities) in Mexico City for 2019 and 2020.


Results
We find a sharp decrease on crimes related to domestic violence, burglary, and vehicle theft; a decrease during some weeks on crimes related to assault-battery and extortion, and no effects on crimes related to robbery, kidnapping, and homicides.


Conclusions
While our results show a decline in conventional crime during the COVID- 19 pandemic, organized crime remains steady. These findings have policy implications for catastrophic events around the world, as well as possible national security issues in Mexico.


 


1. Introduction


After the COVID-19 pandemic began in 2020, governments around the world imposed a series of lockdowns. Non-essential businesses closed for several weeks, travel became difficult, social gatherings were limited, and officials from national and regional governments advised people to stay at home. All of these restrictions sought to accomplish social distancing, a vital public health tool used to contain the rapid growth of emerging infectious diseases (Fong et al., 2020). In essence, these stay-at-home orders modified most social structures, including criminal activity.


Until recently, research on the net effect of a large-scale lockdown on criminal activity was non-existent. New efforts within the criminal justice discipline are filling the knowledge gap. We aim to expand this literature by studying the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on crime in Mexico City, using records from Mexico City's Attorney General's Office. The particular context of Mexico offers a glimpse into the effects of a lockdown on crime in a developing economy that shares many characteristics with other countries in Latin America. In particular, Mexico has a significant presence of organized criminal enterprises —besides conventional criminals—and institutional weaknesses in the criminal justice system.


The stay-at-home order time-line in Mexico City was similar to the rest of the world. In December 2020, an epidemic of a new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, emerged in Wuhan, China. The virus spread quickly throughout Asia (e.g. Iran) and then Europe (e.g., Italy and Spain) during the first three months of 2020, and made its way to North America in February 2020. On March 11, 2020, COVID-19 became a pandemic, as pronounced by the World Health Organization (WHO). The following week, restaurants, gyms, clubs, and universities began to shut down voluntarily in Mexico City. On March 23, 2020, the federal government officially started the “social distancing” campaign, and the whole country went under lockdown. Schools, government offices, malls, parks, and non-essential businesses closed temporarily down in Mexico City.

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