انعطاف پذیری محور شهری در جستجوی تثبیت نظری
ترجمه نشده

انعطاف پذیری محور شهری در جستجوی تثبیت نظری

عنوان فارسی مقاله: انعطاف پذیری محور شهری در جستجوی تثبیت نظری؟ یک بررسی تئوری و مفهومی مرحله ای
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Urban-centric resilience in search of theoretical stabilisation? A phased thematic and conceptual review
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله مدیریت زیست محیطی - Journal of Environmental Management
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: شهرسازی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت شهری
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: تکامل تئوری، تمرکز تحقیقاتی، انعطاف پذیری عمومی / مشخص شده، مفهوم انعطاف پذیری، تثبیت نظری
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Thematic evolution، Research focuses، General/specified resilience، Resilience conceptualisations، Theoretical stabilisation
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله مروری (Review Article)
نمایه: MedLine - Scopus - Master Journal List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.09.078
دانشگاه: Department of Civil Engineering Architecture and Georesources (DECivil) - Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) - University of Lisbon (UL) - Portugal
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4/219 در سال 2017
شاخص H_index: 131 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1/161 در سال 2017
شناسه ISSN: 0301-4797
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2017
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 11
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
کد محصول: E10747
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Methods


3- Analysis of the evolution of ‘urban-centric resilience’: results


4- The advancement of ‘urban resilience’: discussion


5- Conclusion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Over the last decades ‘resilience’ has particularly arisen as an attractive perspective with respect to cities. As cities continue to expand, their susceptibility to uncertainties and new challenges, such as climate change, has increased, rendering ‘urban resilience’ an increasingly favoured concept in the realm of Urban Development, Planning and Management (UDPM). Despite recent reviews, an updated analysis of the concept is required to understand whether there is in fact scientific evidence to support the expansion and favouring of ‘urban resilience’ in UDPM. The need to understand how the concept evolved is further emphasised by the need to perceive how the distinct sciences have contributed to its development, and which were the focuses and conceptual underpinnings of such evolution. Thus, the objective of this paper is to provide a broader review of the multidimensional concept of ‘urban resilience’, while understanding how distinct research fields have contributed to its inception and expansion, and how distinct conceptualisations of resilience have influenced its evolution. Supported by a bibliometric analysis of urban-centric publications, this paper highlights the recent extensive growth and expanding application of ‘urban resilience’ to distinct research fields, as well as an apparent theoretical stabilisation of the concept, which reemphasises the idea of a three-dimensional conceptual resilience perspective in scientific literature: (1) ‘engineering’, (2) ‘ecological’, and (3) ‘social-ecological resilience’. Consequently, this research emphasises that, if the related conceptual underpinnings are clear, ‘urban resilience’ can potentially serve as an ‘integrative metaphor’, adapted by diverse stakeholders, to reinforce UDPM initiatives.


Introduction


Decades of theoretical research in the empiric and formal sciences have contributed to a better understanding of the dynamics of singleequilibrium, multiple-equilibria, and non-equilibrium behaviours. This knowledge has subsidised the establishment of ‘resilience theory’ (Holling et al., 2001; Redman and Kinzig, 2003; Curtin and Parker, 2014) as a formal approach to understanding how systems respond to, persist under, and adapt to disturbances. Although early literature was conceptual and focused on developing a baseline for ‘resilience theory’ (Bhamra et al., 2011, p. 5380), over time a broad range of practical studies were developed (Redman and Kinzig, 2003; Shaw, 2012; Béné et al., 2014). Resilience-focused research grew from its original formulation in Engineering, to its application in Ecology (Mcaslan, 2010; Bhamra et al., 2011; Martin-Breen and Anderies, 2011), and to its applied development in urban-centric research (Cartalis, 2014; Hassler and Kohler, 2014a). The seminal work of Holling and colleagues (Holling and Goldberg, 1971; Holling, 1973, 1986; 1996, 2001; Folke et al., 2002) formed the foundation for the development of resilience studies and reinterpretations (Mcaslan, 2010; Bhamra et al., 2011; Martin-Breen and Anderies, 2011). Their work, along with continuous processes of social, economic and ecological change (Vale, 2014, p. 192), and increasingly unforeseen disturbances (Walker and Salt, 2006; Hodson and Marvin, 2009; Balaban, 2012), have highlighted the value of resilience research (Redman and Kinzig, 2003; Shaw, 2012; Hassler and Kohler, 2014a).

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