یک چارچوب مبتنی بر آسیب و تکامل تدریجی سختی در ورقه های کامپوزیت
ترجمه نشده

یک چارچوب مبتنی بر آسیب و تکامل تدریجی سختی در ورقه های کامپوزیت

عنوان فارسی مقاله: آسیب فرسودگی و تکامل تدریجی سختی در ورقه های کامپوزیت: یک چارچوب مبتنی بر آسیب
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Fatigue damage and stiffness evolution in composite laminates: a damage-based framework
مجله/کنفرانس: مهندسی پروسیدیا - Procedia Engineering
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی مواد
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی مواد مرکب، خوردگی و حفاظت از مواد، متالورژی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: ترکیب، فرسودگی، مکانیسم های آسیب، تخریب سختی، مدل سازی آسیب
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Composites، Fatigue، Damage mechanisms، Stiffness degradation، Damage modelling
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2018.02.003
دانشگاه: Department of Management and Engineering - University of Padova, Stradella S.Nicola 3 - 36100 VICENZA - ITALY
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
ایمپکت فاکتور: 0/970 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 51 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 0/277 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 1877-7058
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 8
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
کد محصول: E11417
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Criteria for crack initiation and propagation


3- A model for the crack density evolution


4- Analysis of the delamination onset and propagation


5- Conclusions


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


A damage-based design procedure has been developed by the authors to predict the damage evolution and the stiffness degradation in polymeric composite laminates under fatigue loading. For a safe and reliable design against fatigue degradation and failure, the initiation of the main damage mechanisms (off-axis cracks, delamination and fiber failure) as well as their evolution are considered and suitable models are proposed for the quantitative assessment of the lifetime associated to each mechanism. In parallel, the stiffness degradation deriving from the damage evolution over the fatigue life is properly described. After the illustration of the overall damage-based strategy, the paper discusses in details the analysis and modelling of the off-axis crack initiation and propagation. The initiation of cracks in the off axis plies has been proved to be the consequence of a damage process occurring at the microscopic scale since the early stages of fatigue. On this basis, crack initiation prediction is based on the use of local stress parameters: Local Hydrostatic Stress, LHS, and Local Maximum Principal Stress, LMPS, depending on the local degree of multiaxiality of the stress state and accounting for the statistical distribution of the local laminate strength. The propagation phase is then quantified by using a conventional fracture mechanics approach. The model has been implemented in a Matlab procedure for the quantitative evaluation of the crack density in each ply of a laminate during its entire fatigue life. The knowledge of the crack density trend allows the description of the laminate stiffness evolution taking advantage of another model recently developed by the authors, valid for a generic laminate configuration and accounting for the interaction between cracks in the neighbouring plies.


Introduction


Composite materials are excellent candidates for the development of reliable lightweight components and structures complying, for instance, with the needs of decreasing fuel consumptions in the transportations field or increasing the specific energy production in the wind energy field. Most of structural components manufactured with composite materials are subjected during their in-service life to cyclic loadings, which might lead to a progressive damage, a consequent loss of stiffness and residual strength and, eventually, to the final failure. The "design against fatigue" is therefore fundamental to improve the reliability of composite structural parts. To meet the demand of fatigue design tools for composite structures, the Composite Group at DTG-University of Padova is working since several years to the development of a design framework suitable to predict the initiation of damage, its evolution and the final failure of composites under cyclic loadings [1-11]. As a starting point of the discussion, it is important to clarify the concept of "design against fatigue", which can be meant in different ways depending on the requirements of the part under design: i) design against crack initiation (no damage); ii) design against stiffness degradation (damage tolerant design); iii) design against final failure. In applications like fuel and pressure vessels, fuel rails or other, the onset of damage has to be avoided to satisfy the safety requirements. In this case, the capability to predict the life spent for the initiation of the first crack is essential. In other cases like automotive composite frames, turbine blades, bicycle cranks or composite rims, the global stiffness can be the design driver. Due to the several fatigue damage mechanisms, structural composite components can lose up to 30-40% of their initial stiffness (depending on lay-up and load conditions) much before the final failure. Therefore, for a more reliable and cost-effective design, it is important in these cases to estimate the stiffness degradation under the specific loading conditions [6]. When only the load bearing capability of the part is of interest, the final failure (separation into two or more pieces) is the design target.

  • اشتراک گذاری در

دیدگاه خود را بنویسید:

تاکنون دیدگاهی برای این نوشته ارسال نشده است

یک چارچوب مبتنی بر آسیب و تکامل تدریجی سختی در ورقه های کامپوزیت
نوشته های مرتبط
مقالات جدید
پیوندها