نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله
Ocean Energy (OE) industry would contribute to the sustainable development in China. However, Chinese OE industry is still in early stage. Effective policy system is needed to accumulate the industrialization. This article mainly focuses on OE policies and is intended to render constructive suggestions for the establishment and reform of Chinese OE policy system. An overview of current policy status both in the nations possessing relatively mature OE industry and in China is given. Based on the overview, the corresponding policy improvement measures are commended, including launching an accurately long-termed national OE development roadmap and special law, polishing up feed-in tariffs and subsidy system, introducing renewable tradable renewable certificate system.
Ocean Energy (OE) is usually defined as the renewable energy (RE) that exists in the sea and originates from the tide-generating forces from the moon and other celestial bodies to the earth and solar radiation, mainly including wave, tidal barrier, tidal current, ocean thermal and salinity gradient energy. As the second-largest energy consumer, China is confronted with the challenge of continuously increasing energy demand that, up to 2020, will amount to at least 4 billion tons of standard coal. Chinese government has been committed to developing REs, setting ambitious targets that the annual consumption of REs in 2020 will be up to 0.74 billion tons of standard coal and the proportion of non-fossil energy consumption accounting for the primary energy consumption will reach to 20% in 2030. Fortunately, China possesses abundant OE resources, which is potentially over 1000GW. The development of OE industry is conductive to reducing GHG emission from energy utilization and avoiding energy shortage in coastal provinces.