انتشار فسفر داخلی و نقش آشفتگی در آن
ترجمه نشده

انتشار فسفر داخلی و نقش آشفتگی در آن

عنوان فارسی مقاله: نقش آشفتگی در انتشار فسفر داخلی: شدت تلاطم اهمیت دارد
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The role of turbulence in internal phosphorus release: Turbulence intensity matters
مجله/کنفرانس: آلودگی محیطی - Environmental Pollution
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: شیمی، کشاورزی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: شیمی معدنی، شیمی محیط زیست، شیمی تجزیه
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: رابط رسوب-آب، فسفر، آشفتگی، شیب پخشی در لایه های نازک، Microelectrode
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Sediment-water interface، Phosphorus، Turbulence، Diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT)، Microelectrode
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: MedLine - Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.05.068
دانشگاه: Key Laboratory of Eco-Environment of Three Gorges Region, Ministry of Education, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400044, China
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 5/954 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 194 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1/673 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0269-7491
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 10
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E12960
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Material and methods


3- Results


4- Discussion


5- Conclusions


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Hydrodynamic fluctuations can trigger sediment suspension concomitantly with internal phosphorus release, while the interactive effect of turbulence mixing and sediment suspension on the regulation of phosphorus dynamics is in need of deep understanding. This study addressed the changes in total phosphorus (TP), phosphate (PO43--P) and suspended sediment (SS) in the overlying water, and measured the profile of dissolved oxygen (DO), Fe(II) and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) across the sediment-water interface in the simulated environmental turbulence scenario, For a turbulence intensity (ε) of 3.6 × 10−3 m2/s3, the SRP flux increased hence PO43--P showed a 36.36% increase relative to its initial level. Although ε of 1.3 × 10−2 m2/s3 benefited the delivery of oxygen from the bulk aqueous phase to the upper sediment which can trigger the formation of Fe oxides and hydroxides, the turbulence-induced phosphorus diffusion from the sediment exceeded its inactivation and resulted in a large SRP flux. However, a protion of the released PO43--P can be immobilized through SS adsorption and biotic (likely cyanobacteria) assimilation. Higher turbulence intensities (ε of 3.3 × 10−2 and 7.4 × 10−2 m2/s3) led to an approximately 40-fold increase in TP concentration and a significant increase in sediment suspension, which contributed to the immobilization of a majority of the phosphate through adsorption; thus, the PO43--P concentrations in the overlying water displayed 47.75% and 41.67% decline, respectively. This study also confirmed the sequential phosphorus buffer mechanisms associated with increasing turbulence intensities. With an ε of 3.6 × 10−3 m2/s3, bounding to Fe ion had a significant impact on phosphorus inactivation but with an ε of 7.4 × 10−2 m2/s3, the main immobilization mechanism is switched to phosphorus adsorption from the large quantity of suspended sediment.


Introduction


Phosphorus is essential for the support of phytoplankton growth and is a major driving force for water eutrophication (Søndergaard et al., 2013; Conley et al., 2009). Sediment can act as a sources of pollutants in aquatic environments, and the pollutants accumulated in the sediments can be released into the overlying water, contributing a considerable quantity of phosphorus to the water column (Zhang et al., 2018). For most eutrophic waters, the upper 0e10 cm sediment layer typically has much higher phosphorus levels than that is found in the lower sediment layers; and the most heavily contaminated sediment layer is the top 0e5 cm (Tang et al., 2019), where phosphorus is mobile and can be easily released into the overlying water due to changes in the physicochemical characteristics of the water (Soto-Jimenez et al., 2003; Wu et al., 2001). Thus, even if phosphorus input is effectively reduced, the eutrophication level may remain relatively high, as internal phosphorus loading from sediments may lead to algae blooming and cause a decline in the water quality (Huser and Pilgrim, 2014; Yin et al., 2018; Yin et al., 2016). Therefore, understanding the process of phosphorus release from the sediments is crucial for the management and recovery of eutrophic waters.

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