مشکلات و راه حل های موجود در مورد شهرهای سبز در ترکیه
ترجمه نشده

مشکلات و راه حل های موجود در مورد شهرهای سبز در ترکیه

عنوان فارسی مقاله: شهرهای سبز - مشکلات و راه حل ها در ترکیه
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Green cities - problems and solutions in Turkey
مجله/کنفرانس: پروسیدیای تحقیقات حمل و نقل - Transportation Research Procedia
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: شهرسازی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت شهری، طراحی شهری
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: شهرهای سبز، مشکلات محیطی در شهرها و شهرهای ترکیه
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Green cities، environmental problems in cities، Turkish cities
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2019.06.026
دانشگاه: Opole University of Technology, Faculty of Production Engineering and Logistics, Department of Logistics, ul. Sosnkowskiego 31, 45-272 Opole, Poland
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
شناسه ISSN: 2352-1465
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 10
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E13335
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- The ecological situation of Turkey


3- Green Cities


4- Ecological characteristics of the largest cities in Turkey


4- Ways to reduce pollution in the largest urban agglomerations of Turkey


5- Green Cities in Turkey


Conclusions


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Turkey, one of the twenty largest economies in the world is currently undergoing dynamic economic growth. Rich deposits of metal ores, i.e. iron, chromium, copper, zinc and lead ores, extraction of crude oil, bituminous coal and chemical raw materials affect the country’s economic development and affect the functioning of the natural environment. The largest cities of Turkey, i.e. Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Bursa, Adana, etc. are not only the country’s economic hallmark, but also a source of high emissions from technical and communication infrastructure. The impact of transport emissions or industrial pollution affects the share of green space in cities and the health of residents in large cities. Actions of municipal authorities may contribute to reducing adverse factors in the environment, which will improve the quality of life along with ensuring simultaneous economic development. The article presents the problems of the largest cities in Turkey in managing urban logistic processes and their impact on the natural environment, together with the opportunities of eliminating unfavorable ecological factors while simultaneously maintaining economic growth.


Conclusions


In general evaluation, megacities have increased the level of pollution and environmental degradation. Many factors affect the pollution in the city, e.g. geographical location, climate, meteorology, emissions from heating of buildings, industry, traffic and its intensity, waste management and the quality of green areas. The level of air pollution in metropolises depends on national technologies and the possibility of pollution control as well as the willingness and possibilities to improve air quality. The rapid urbanization of cities has increased the share of air pollution, especially in developing countries. Over 90% of the emission of harmful compounds into the air is attributed to motor vehicles. Increased population density also has a negative impact on the number of green areas. In order to improve the quality of life in cities, it is necessary to adopt new visions for the development of urban space and their effective management (Incecik, Im, 2012). Istanbul's natural environment is in a poor condition. Globalization processes are not conducive to improving the city's ecosystem, on the contrary, they have a negative impact on the environment. The city's economic development also has a detrimental effect on air quality, the amount of green areas and the development of living species. A new venture for the construction of a third airport will thoroughly destroy the flora and fauna around the city. Air pollution will deepen and the quality of life in the city will decrease. There will be a significant increase in the number of disease incidents and deaths, which will translate into an economic slowdown and lack of manpower. The Chamber of Geological Engineers in Istanbul emphasizes that the destruction of forests within the city limits will bring the collapse of the city's ecosystem. An important ecological area for the city, which is at the same time a forest corridor to the Black Sea, comprises 6672 ha of sea pine forests, stone pines, Turkish pines, black pines, oaks, hornbeams, ash trees, limes, alders and other trees. Destruction of this ecosystem will have irreversible consequences for the environment of the whole country (Northern Forests Defense, 2015). However, environmental resolutions adopted by the city council may soon bring improvement of environmental conditions, not taking into account investments in the new airport. Increased expenditure and investments on environmental protection and generation of new green areas may be reflected in the creation of the ecological and environmentally friendly city.

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