به سوی تعمیر و نگهداری پاک تر و پربار تر در تجهیزات پتروشیمی
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به سوی تعمیر و نگهداری پاک تر و پربار تر در تجهیزات پتروشیمی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: به سوی تعمیر و نگهداری پاک تر و پربار تر تجهیزات پتروشیمی: مکانیزاسیون و یک روش ارزیابی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Towards cleaner and more productive maintenance in petrochemical facilities: Mechanization and an assessment method
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله تولید پاک تر – Journal of Cleaner Production
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی شیمی، مهندسی صنایع
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: پتروشیمی، بهینه سازی سیستم ها
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: مکانیزاسیون، ارزیابی، وظایف حفظ و نگهداری، تجهیزات پتروشیمی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Mechanization, Assessment, Maintenance tasks, Petrochemical facilities
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.120864
دانشگاه: Central South University, School of Civil Engineering, Changsha, China
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 8.304 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 173 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 1.886 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 0959-6526
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 11
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15048
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Literature review


3- Methodology


4- PEMMA application in Singapore: results and discussions


5- Conclusions and recommendations


Acknowledgement


Appendix. Work types, activities, and sub-tasks used by PEMMA


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Maintenance in petrochemical plants is often characterized as labor intensive and may give rise to such problems as being costly, diminishing productivity, and emitting pollutant. To mitigate such problems, managers have tried mechanizing the maintenance tasks. This study elaborated the concept of mechanization, proposed a method named Petrochemical Maintenance Mechanization Assessment (PEMMA), which can help assess mechanization levels of the maintenance tasks and provide corresponding improvement recommendations This study presented the development process of the PEMMA method and applied the method in the context of Singapore. Results showed that the mechanization level of the maintenance tasks in Singapore is relatively low. The developed method is arguably the first to be presented and therefore, it contributes to the existing body of knowledge. In addition, the developed method is beneficial to the practice as well, because it can help diagnose and then improve the mechanization levels of petrochemical plants, which would eventually make the petrochemical industry more productive and cleaner.


Introduction


One of the most important industries to most nations is the petrochemical industry, as this industry is responsible for creating many products that are essential to modern lifedplastics, cosmetics, paints and lubricants (Ruqaishi and Bashir, 2015). A crucial component of petrochemical plants running efficiently is that of maintenance. Indeed, various types of equipment occasionally break down from wear and tear, aging, inefficient processes, failure, and human error. Recent news has shown, however, maintenance in petrochemical facilities is confronted with an issue of low productivity thanks to the extensive use of labor forces (LoeraHern andez and Espinosa-Garza, 2014). Apart from that, maintenance in petrochemical facilities could discharge large amount of pollutants (e.g., wastewater and solid waste) which are difficult to deal with artificially (Wen et al., 2019).


Plant managers have tried numerous ways to address these issues, including mechanization. According to Willis (1875), mechanization refers to the process of change, from working largely or exclusively by hand or with animals to working with hand-tools or powered equipment. It enables people to quickly handle an otherwise overwhelming workload. Therefore, it can increase the efficiency and productivity of the production activities significantly. Adopting mechanization in maintaining petrochemical facilities have clear benefits. Doing so can reduce work duration, enhance work quality and precision, and circumvent the shortage of skilled labor in some specific types of work (Sawyer, 2016). It can also increase workplace safety, as the use of mechanized tools and equipment can eliminate potential hazards to be faced by frontline workers (Iversen and Geehan, 2015). Moreover, it can help create a clean and hygienic environment which would be beneficial to the workers onsite (Yin et al., 2019). It is evident that the higher the mechanization level is, the more productive and cleaner the maintenance tasks will be. Therefore, it is necessary for industry practitioners to know the mechanization level of the maintenance tasks carried out in their plants.

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