راهنمایی های کتابخانه دانشگاه برای مقابله با اخبار جعلی
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راهنمایی های کتابخانه دانشگاه برای مقابله با اخبار جعلی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: راهنمایی های کتابخانه دانشگاه برای مقابله با اخبار جعلی: یک تحلیل محتوایی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Academic library guides for tackling fake news: A content analysis
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله کتابداری دانشگاهی – The Journal of Academic Librarianship
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: علم اطلاعات و دانش شناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: کتابخانه های عمومی، مدیریت اطلاعات
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: اخبار جعلی، حقیقت، سواد اطلاعاتی، راهنمایی های کتابخانه، کتابخانه های دانشگاهی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Fake news, Fact, Information literacy, Library guides, Academic libraries
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acalib.2019.102097
دانشگاه: St. Catherine University, , United States of America
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 1.797 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 55 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 1.165 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 0099-1333
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 11
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15120
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Introduction


Literature review


Methods


Data analysis and results


Discussion


Conclusion


Appendix 1. Sample libraries of this study


Appendix 2. List of the selected ARL member libraries for identification of guides


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Built on a pilot study, this study examined how librarians understand fake news and the specific methods or strategies they suggest for detecting fake news by analyzing their guides from academic libraries. A content analysis regarding a total of 21 institutional guides was conducted. The major findings include the following: 1) in the librarians’ guides stating their definition of fake news, the two elements of falsity and the intention to mislead were explicitly stated. The other element of bias, however, was presented in only some guides. 2) The sub-elements of clickbait, a decontextualized content and omitted information were inconsistently or barely presented across these guides. 3) Only two institutional libraries put forth the notion of fact in relation to fake news in their guides. 4) All of the guides suggested checklist approaches to detecting fake news or evaluating news sources. Finally, 5) librarians acknowledge the influence of human biases on consuming news. However, psychological factors are minimally presented in most of the guides. This study provides a few suggestions. First, librarians must further clarify the term fake news so that it reflects its multiple layers. Second, librarians must incorporate new strategies, such as lateral reading and click restraints, in combination with a few prioritized elements of a checklist into their guides regarding detecting fake news. Finally, librarians must pay attention to psychological factors more when interpreting facts in their strategies about news sources and fake news.


Introduction


Fake news has been a serious public concern since the 2016 US presidential election. Academics, professionals and organizations have responded to the phenomenon of fake news by engaging in a range of activities, from conferences and empirical studies to fact checking. Librarians have also joined in these efforts. Some urge that librarians should take a leadership role in combatting fake news (Buschman, 2019; Cooke, 2017; Wade & Hornick, 2018). Similarly, others maintain that the current information crisis is an opportunity for librarians to promote the profession and demonstrate their value (Eva & Shea, 2018). Accordingly, there have been a number of efforts to tackle fake news within the profession (Buschman, 2019; Eva & Shea, 2018; LaPierre & Kitzie, 2019; Neely-Sardon & Tignor, 2018; Wade & Hornick, 2018). One notable activity introduced by librarians includes the creation of their guides for college students to discern fake news. By providing students with these guides, academic librarians have attempted to help students detect fake news and become savvy news consumers.

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