ساختمانهای انرژی صفر خالص با بازتاب هایی در زمینه استرالیایی
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ساختمانهای انرژی صفر خالص با بازتاب هایی در زمینه استرالیایی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: بازبینی ساختمانهای انرژی صفر خالص با بازتاب هایی در زمینه استرالیایی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: A review of Net Zero Energy Buildings with reflections on the Australian context
مجله/کنفرانس: انرژی و ساختمان ها - Energy and Buildings
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی معماری، مهندسی انرژی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: فناوری های انرژی، تکنولوژی معماری، انرژی های تجدیدپذیر
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: ساختمان انرژی صفر خالص، NZEB، سیاست انرژی ساختمان، سیاست جهانی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Net zero energy building، NZEB، Building energy policy، Global policy
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journal List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.10.055
دانشگاه: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Group, Department of Infrastructure Engineering, Melbourne School of Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Vic 3010, Australia
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4/824 در سال 2017
شاخص H_index: 132 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 2.061 در سال 2017
شناسه ISSN: 0378-7788
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2017
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 13
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
کد محصول: E11028
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Existing definitions of NZEBs and other related terms


3- The NZEB concept


4- Design strategy


5- Case studies


6- Case studies of existing buildings working towards a NZE status


7- Human-building interaction


8- Notable national and international policy support for promoting NZEBs


9- Discussion


10- Conclusions


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


A Net Zero Energy Building (NZEB) is a term, subject to ambiguity, that could be used to describe a building with characteristics such as equal energy generation to usage, significantly reduced energy demands, energy costs equalling zero or net zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Despite lacking an authoritative definition of NZEBs, this relatively new emerging concept in Australia provides significant opportunities to reduce GHG emissions, energy usage and operational energy costs for buildings owners. This paper aims to explore the existing NZEB models, assess the progression of NZEB literature, identify key policies encouraging NZEB development and recognise potential areas of NZEB research.


Introduction


The building sector is experiencing significant challenges inrelation to the consumption of energy, climate change and energy poverty issues [1]. Additionally, the long-term trend of increasing energy prices has led to the emerging market of renewable energy and led to decreasing costs of renewable energy technologies such as solar PVs [2]. This has pushed the boundaries for new developments in the built environment. One such development would be to design more sustainable residential and commercial buildings and retrofit the existing building stock to achieve energy neutrality or a Net Zero Energy Building (NZEB) status. A sustainable building may be defined as a building that maintains structural integrity, considers thehealth, safety, andcomfort ofusers,includes efficiency measures and considers environmental impacts [3] in another word “maximum energy gains and efficiency, minimizing loss” [4]. There are many examples of both commercial and residential buildings with zero energy status around the world however in Australia NZEBs are still uncommon, likely due to the anonymity of the concept to a mainstream audience. A Net Zero Energy Building is a term, subject to ambiguity, which could be used to describe a building with characteristics such as equal energy generation to usage, significantly reduced energy demands, energy costs equalling zero or net zero GHG emissions. Since 2006, different terms have been adopted to name different building concepts such as; (net) zero (source/site) energy building [5], zero energy costs building [5], zero energy emissions building [5], nearly zero energy building [6], zero emission building [7], zero carbon building [8], net-zero exergy building [9]. Specifically, an International Energy Agency (IEA) Joint Solar Heating and Cooling (SHC) report[10] addressed the NZEB issue, and its “Subtask A” was specifically dedicated to provide a definition framework. The fact sheet developed by Buildings Performance Institute Europe (BPIE) [11] summarises the current status (as of April 2015) of different approaches and indicators used across Europe (member states and Norway) for the nZEB definition of new and existing buildings. The time frameusedtomeasure this energyneutrality isnot well defined in the literature. However, the vast majority of the studies discuss NZEBs that met their goal on an annual basis Carrilho da Grac¸ a et al. [12]. Sartori et al. [13] and Voss et al. [14] were among the first to discuss the implication of shorter balancing periods.

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