عملکرد بتن ساختمانی با ضایعات پلاستیکی بازیافت شده به عنوان جایگزینی برای شن و ماسه
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عملکرد بتن ساختمانی با ضایعات پلاستیکی بازیافت شده به عنوان جایگزینی برای شن و ماسه

عنوان فارسی مقاله: عملکرد بتن ساختمانی با ضایعات پلاستیکی بازیافت شده به عنوان جایگزینی برای شن و ماسه
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Performance of structural concrete with recycled plastic waste as a partial replacement for sand
مجله/کنفرانس: ساخت و ساز و مصالح ساختمانی - Construction and Building Materials
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی عمران
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: سازه، مدیریت ساخت، خاک و پی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: بتن ساختمانی، جایگزینی شن و ماسه، پلاستیک بازیافت شده، طرح مخلوط
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Structural concrete، Sand replacement، Recycled plastic، Mix design
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journal List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.11.127
دانشگاه: Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, University of Bath, UK
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4/686 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 129 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1/522 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0950-0618
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2017
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 7
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
کد محصول: E11249
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Plastic as a replacement for sand in concrete


3- Experimental methodology


4- Results


5- Analysis and discussion


6- Conclusions


7- Recommendations for Future work


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Environmental concerns arising from the over-dredging of sand have led to restrictions on its extraction across India, with direct economic impacts on concrete construction. A suitable environmentally friendly alternative to sand must be found to match the huge demand from the concrete construction industry. At the same time, waste plastic is rarely recycled in India, with as much as 40% left in landfill. The dumping of such materials which degrade at extremely low rates meaning they persist in the environment is a long-term environmental concern. To tackle both issues, it is proposed to process waste plastic to create a partial replacement for fine sand in a novel mix for structural concrete. In this paper eleven new concrete mixes are evaluated to study five plastic material compositions, three groups of particle sizes, three different aspect ratios, and two chemical treatments and establish an appropriate choice of material to act as partial replacement for sand. The results show that replacing 10% sand by volume with recycled plastic is a viable proposition that has the potential to save 820 million tonnes of sand every year. Through suitable mix design the structural performance of concrete with plastic waste can be maintained. This preliminary work was supported through funding from the British Council under the UKIERI (United Kingdom India Educational Research Initiative) programme for the project ‘Development of structural concrete with the help of plastic waste as partial replacement for sand’.


Introduction


Cement manufacture in India reached 280 Mt in 2014 [1], second only to China. India exports only small volumes of cement, with internal demand for concrete being driven by a growing economy, growing population, and rising living standards [2]. Mass extraction of sand, usually via river dredging, has been a problem in India for a number of years and is mainly fed by construction demand. A high court ruling in 2011 has virtually eliminated sand dredging [3] with the consequence of supply problems within India. The Indian central pollution control board CPCB) reported in 2008 that approximately 15,000 tons of plastic waste is dumped every day in India [4]. Non-biodegradable plastic waste is inert and breaks down very slowly once buried in landfill. Even if all of this plastic could be recycled, by-products of the recycling process such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) sand are still required to be sent to landfill. A solution to both of these problems is proposed by substituting fine sand in concrete mixes with processed waste plastic, which would otherwise remain as waste in landfill. This would not only encourage the collection and use of waste, but would provide alternative sources of fine material in place of sand in novel concrete mixes.

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