ارزیابی ایمنی لرزه ای خارج از صفحه
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ارزیابی ایمنی لرزه ای خارج از صفحه

عنوان فارسی مقاله: ارزیابی ایمنی لرزه ای خارج از صفحه میانقاب URM برای اثر متقابل درون صفحه ای/ خارج از صفحه ای در چارچوب استاتیک غیر خطی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Out-of-plane seismic safety assessment of URM infills accounting for the in-plane/out-of-plane interaction in a nonlinear static framework
مجله/کنفرانس: سازه های مهندسی – Engineering Structures
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی عمران
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: سازه، زلزله
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: دیوار میانقاب URM، خارج از صفحه، اثر متقابل درون صفحه ای/ خارج از صفحه ای، تجزیه و تحلیل استاتیک غیر خطی، بررسی ایمنی خارج از صفحه ای
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: URM infill wall، Out-of-plane، In-plane/out-of-plane interaction، Nonlinear static analysis، Out-of-plane safety check
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.05.088
دانشگاه: Department of Structures for Engineering and Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Via Claudio 21, 80125 Naples, Italy
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 3.604 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 114در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1.628 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0141-0296
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 17
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E12417
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Nomenclature


1. Introduction


2. Description of the procedures applied for the PGAC assessment


3. Reference Approach (RA)


4. Description of the case-study infilled frames


5. Application of DA and RA procedures


6. Reference Approach (RA) application and results


7. OOP safety check of infills in a linear elastic framework


8. When is the OOP safety check of infills necessary?


9. Conclusions


Acknowledgements


Declaration of Competing Interest


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Past and recent earthquakes showed the occurrence of Out-Of-Plane (OOP) failures of Unreinforced Masonry (URM) infills in Reinforced Concrete (RC) frames. Such a type of failure, which is promoted by In-Plane (IP) damage (IP/OOP interaction), is dangerous for human life safety and its effects can be associated with the attainment of the Life Safety limit state. In this work, the seismic capacity of Reinforced Concrete buildings at the first OOP collapse is evaluated with a linear analysis based on code provisions and with a procedure based on nonlinear static analysis. More specifically, 16 buildings designed to Eurocodes, different for number of storeys and design Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA), are infilled by two infill layouts different for thickness and masonry properties. For these buildings, the PGA at which the first OOP infill collapse occurs is evaluated by applying two different approaches. The first is based on linear analysis and consists in the simple application of the demand and capacity models currently provided by the Eurocodes. So, it accounts neither for the effect of the IP/OOP interaction on the OOP capacity nor for the effect of structural non-linearity on the OOP force demand. The second approach is based on nonlinear static analysis and on the application of refined literature formulations accounting for the IP/OOP interaction and for structural non-linearity for the definition of the OOP capacity and force demand. The PGAs at the OOP collapse of infills obtained by applying both approaches are compared to show their significant overestimation if the IP/OOP interaction and structural non-linearity are not considered, i.e., if current code provisions are applied. Considerations concerning the influence of the number of storeys and of the design PGA of buildings on the PGA at the OOP collapse of infills are reported. Frequency distributions of OOP collapses at different storeys and fragility curves relating the probability of OOP collapse to both the PGA acting in the OOP direction and the maximum IDR attained in the IP direction are shown. For all case-study buildings, a range of 42 infill layouts, different for thickness and masonry compressive strength, is considered and, with the application of the more refined, not code-based approach, a “limit state” curve defining the infill height-to-thickness ratio/masonry compressive strength couples for which the OOP safety check of infills can be neglected is reported.


Introduction


In the Mediterranean area, Reinforced Concrete (RC) buildings are usually provided with Unreinforced Masonry (URM) infill walls. In case of earthquake, these non-structural elements are sensitive to displacement in the In-Plane (IP) direction and to acceleration in the Out-OfPlane (OOP) direction [1]. IP displacements can damage infill walls and produce the attainment of the Damage Limitation limit state (DL), with significant effects in terms of repairing costs for RC buildings. However, it is common opinion in the engineering community (e.g., [2,3]) that the IP failure of infills, which occurs with crushing and spalling of masonry units, can be also associated with the attainment of Life Safety limit state (LS). The OOP acceleration can produce infills’ collapse with their overturning, which is a great risk for life safety and an obstacle to escape/rescue operations during seismic emergency [4]. For this reason, also the OOP collapse of infill walls can be associated with the attainment of LS. Especially in recent years, analytical and experimental works concerning infills’ OOP behaviour, (e.g., among others, [5–16]), have been presented. Based also on these works, some provisions were introduced in the most recent building codes to provide recommendations on infills’ verification with respect to OOP seismic actions.

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