هزینه های اقتصادی، زیست محیطی و اجتماعی و مزایای گسترش میکروگریدها
ترجمه نشده

هزینه های اقتصادی، زیست محیطی و اجتماعی و مزایای گسترش میکروگریدها

عنوان فارسی مقاله: میکروگریدهای پایدار: هزینه های اقتصادی، زیست محیطی و اجتماعی و مزایای گسترش میکروگریدها
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Sustainable microgrids: Economic, environmental and social costs and benefits of microgrid deployment
مجله/کنفرانس: انرژی برای توسعه پایدار - Energy for Sustainable Development
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی برق
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: تولید، انتقال و توزیع، مهندسی الکترونیک، سیستم های قدرت و برق قدرت
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: میکروگرید، انرژی توزیع شده، انرژی پایدار، هزینه ها و مزایا
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Microgrid، Distributed energy، Sustainable energy، Costs and benefits
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2019.07.003
دانشگاه: School of Sustainability, The Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya, 8 University St., P.O.Box 167, Herzliya, 4610101, Israel
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 3/591 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 52 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1/132 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0973-0826
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q2 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 10
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E12713
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Introduction


System-wide benefits


The benefits and costs of microgrids


Israel electricity sector


Methodology and data sources


Summary of findings and their relation to prior studies


Recommendations for microgrid policymaking


Conclusion and directions for further research


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


This paper addresses the costs and benefits associated with microgrid development relative to the costs and benefits of conventional generation interconnected to a bulk transmission and distribution grid. The costs and benefits are classified as: environmental (avoided environmental damage costs); economic (mainly employment multiplier effects); deferral or avoidance of transmission and distribution investment costs; and greater access to electricity supply that is highly reliable and resilient. Deficiencies due to the lack of relevant available data and of research on economic modeling of microgrids at the societal level are discussed. The context in which these costs and benefits are measured is the Israeli electricity market, which features a highly centralized, vertically integrated electricity company (Israel Electric Corporation, IEC) with some legacy distribution companies. Moreover, because Israel's transmission and distribution infrastructure investment have declined significantly over the past several years, the Israeli market provides a useful basis for analyses of microgrids as an alternative to such large-scale investments.


The analysis reveals that under reasonable assumptions reflecting the current state of microgrid technologies, microgrids may constitute a viable, cost-effective alternative to additional central- station generation requiring new investments in transmission and distribution infrastructure. Specifically, using reasonable assumptions regarding 10-MW incremental investments in a microgrid and in central-station generation with necessary transmission and distribution investments, the analysis indicates that, when considering the reliability, T&D investment deferral, local economic, environmental, and social costs and benefits of each alternative, the net benefits to the Israeli economy from selecting the incremental 10-MW investment in a representative Israeli microgrid may exceed $13,000,000 per year. However, when local economic benefits are not considered, the net benefits decline to approximately $260,000 per year. For perspective, generation capacity additions by the Israel Electric Corporation have averaged 166 MW from 2008 through 2018, reaching 13,775 MW of installed capacity by the end of 2018. Total annual capital investment has averaged approximately $1 billion since 2015, about $400 million of which has been in the generation sector. The paper concludes with future research directions, with an emphasis on integrating engineering analysis, scenario simulation, flexibility, and quantifying social/equity (“fairness”) effects of microgrids.


Introduction


Over the past several years, microgrid development has been a significant topic for energy policy development (Hirsch, Parag, & Guerrero, 2018). While a large share of this development has taken place in developing countries with limited access to reliable energy supply, there is some progress being made in microgrid development in the OECD countries, particularly in North America (Sioshansi, 2018). This development depends in large part on a combination of technical, economic, and regulatory factors. In these OECD countries, regulators have attempted to prioritize microgrid development by using their existing sets of cost-benefit analytical tools. Such tools have been used to determine the prudency of utility investments (e.g., California Public Utilities Commission, 2018), but may be inadequate for evaluating microgrid projects at specific locations throughout such a utility's transmission and distribution systems. Consequently, in many OECD countries, policy tools have reinforced an existing bias toward larger centralized infrastructure rather than distributed systems, including microgrids (Levin & Thomas, 2016; Sioshansi, 2018). This paper attempts to provide a framework for assessing benefits and costs of microgrid integration, based on the current state of microgrid development. Notably, some of the benefits, such as improved resiliency, have not been defined well, making quantification difficult.

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