تغییر تحقیقات در مورد خطر لرزه ای
ترجمه نشده

تغییر تحقیقات در مورد خطر لرزه ای

عنوان فارسی مقاله: آیا زمین لرزه ونچوان در سال ۲۰۰۸ باعث تغییر تحقیقات در مورد خطر لرزه ای شد؟
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Did the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake trigger a change in the conduct of research on seismic risk?
مجله/کنفرانس: علم ایمنی – Safety Science
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: زمین شناسی، مهندسی عمران
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: تکتونیک، زلزله
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: تکامل دانش، فاجعه ها، زمین لرزه ونچوان، کتابشناسی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Knowledge evolution، Disasters، Wenchuan earthquake، Bibliometrics
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104628
دانشگاه: School of Social Development and Public Policy / Innovation Center for Risk Resilience at Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4.350 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 90 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 1.290 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 0925-7535
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 15
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E14523
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست مطالب (انگلیسی)

Abstract


۱٫ Introduction


۲٫ Data and methodology


۳٫ Findings


۴٫ Conclusion


۵٫ Discussion


Acknowledgments


References

بخشی از مقاله (انگلیسی)

Abstract


This study aims to address how the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake influenced knowledge generation and diffusion compared to the research stemming from the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake in the United States and the 1995 Hanshin Awaji Earthquake in Japan, for the three countries are exposed to high seismic risk. The findings show that (1) regarding research quantity, the influence of the Wenchuan Earthquake on disaster-related knowledge generation is just beginning compared with the gradual decreases in research on the other earthquakes; (2) regarding disciplinary development, the proportion of studies relating to the Wenchuan Earthquake in natural sciences and engineering technology is gradually decreasing, while the proportion of studies in medical science, social sciences and economics is increasing; (3) the quantity of earthquake-related studies is not solely related to the influence of a specific disaster but associated with the national financial support offered by the affected country. One reason why China experiences the high research output is that Chinese national finance strongly supports such research, similar to the United States and Japan. This phenomenon corresponds with the fact that the major research institutions in China are national institutions rather than universities. Finally, (4) interdisciplinary research on the Wenchuan Earthquake mainly involves interactions between natural sciences and engineering technology. Interactions between other disciplines need to be enhanced. Thus, this research argues that, although disaster knowledge generation and diffusion is imbalanced, the multidimensional nature of earthquakes has been recognized in the literature.


Introduction


The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–۲۰۳۰ addresses knowledge-related issues and highlights the critical role knowledge plays in disaster risk reduction (UN, 2015). Knowledge of disaster risk in all its dimensions, such as vulnerability, capacity, hazard characteristics and the environment, can be leveraged for disaster risk assessment, prevention and mitigation, and for the development and implementation of effective response to disasters. Earthquakes, though rare and interruptive, trigger waves of learning, as they expose weaknesses and reveal previously unrealized potentials for change (Christianson et al. 2009). However, less knowledge has been generated from earthquakes than from other natural disasters (Housner, 1983). To address this gap, Liu et al. (2012) applied bibliometric methods to identify developments in disaster research. This study demonstrated that the quantity of disaster research has grown, including interdisciplinary research on the subject. Research in this area has focused on evolution, California, deformation, model, inversion, seismicity, tectonics, crustal structure, fault, zone, lithosphere, and attenuation. The Elsevier (2017) report on global disaster science demonstrated that research is increasingly focused more on prevention and preparedness and less on recovery. Countries’ scholarly output is also related to the disasters they face; for instance, Japan has more research focused on earthquakes and Tsunamis, the US on meteorological and biological disasters, Brazil and India on environmental disasters, and China on meteorological disasters.

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