نسل جدید برق تولید شده به عنوان یک منبع تجدید پذیر
ترجمه نشده

نسل جدید برق تولید شده به عنوان یک منبع تجدید پذیر

عنوان فارسی مقاله: نسل جدید برق تولید شده توسط انسان به عنوان یک منبع تجدید پذیر
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Human-Powered Electricity Generation as a Renewable Resource
مجله/کنفرانس: اقتصاد بیوفیزیکی و کیفیت منابع – BioPhysical Economics and Resource Quality
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی برق، مهندسی انرژی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: تولید، انتقال و توزیع، انرژی های تجدید پذیر و فناوری های انرژی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: تحلیل سیستم های انرژی، اقتصاد بیوفیزیکی، مدلسازی سیستم های انرژی، انرژی تجدید پذیر
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Energy systems analysis, Biophysical economics, Energy systems modeling, Renewable energy
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1007/s41247-018-0036-5
دانشگاه: Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences – Clemson University – USA
ناشر: اسپرینگر - Springer
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
شناسه ISSN: 2366-0120
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: pdf
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 10
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
کد محصول: E7682
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Units and Terminology


3- Background


4- Historic Transition in Energy Use


5- South Carolina Energy Landscape


6- Human Metabolic Energy Expenditure


7- Case Study


8- Gym Electricity Demand


9- Gym Members’ Electrical Energy Generation


10- Cost


11- Results and Discussion


12- Human‑Generated Electricity in General


13- Conclusions


Appendix


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Energy and human’s ability to transform energy into useful work has been the cornerstone of the development of civilizations. Throughout the majority of human existence, we relied solely on metabolic energy derived from plants and animals. In only a few centuries, society has almost completely transformed, from relying on somatic energy to become almost entirely dependent on fossil fuels. The combustion of hydrocarbon energy resources has had detrimental impacts on our environment, which has initiated a push for clean energy. This research study explores the metabolic energy output of humans, specifically within an exercise facility, to evaluate the feasibility of electrical power to be sustained from human-powered energy. Two rowing workouts were evaluated and then compared to solar photovoltaic as an alternative renewable energy. The result of the study demonstrates that 40 members of various physical abilities can collaboratively provide 3–5% of the gym’s average daily electricity demand if converted at an efficiency of 64%. The cost of converting the rowing machines resulted in a 33-year payback period.


Introduction


The development of pre-industrial civilization was powered by metabolic energy of humans and animals. Over time, advancements in technology and engineering have moved us away from human’s endosomatic1 (metabolic) power to become almost entirely dependent on fossil fuels. Growing populations, increasing quality of life, and diminishing resources have put significant stress upon the energy sector to meet increasing demand for fossil fuels, whereas environmental concerns, most notably climate change, have prompted decreasing usage. In 2016, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) implemented the Clean Power Plan, issuing carbon dioxide emission goals and encouraging the use of clean energy resources. Many states have also developed renewable portfolio standards (RPS) to promote the adoption of renewable electricity generation, energy efficiency, and other clean energy technologies, for example carbon capture and storage. The state of South Carolina has recently passed the House Bill 1189, which requires 2% of electricity generation from renewable energy resources by 2021 ((2013–2014) Bill 1189 Text of Previous Version 2014). One potential resource that is not included in the bill is human-powered electricity. It seems reasonable to explore this resource since, historically, the majority of our existence has been sustained from metabolic energy. This study first discusses the transition of energy flows throughout society before assessing the feasibility of human-generated electricity as a means of meeting a RPS with a case study of a gym in Greer, South Carolina. 

  • اشتراک گذاری در

دیدگاه خود را بنویسید:

تاکنون دیدگاهی برای این نوشته ارسال نشده است

نسل جدید برق تولید شده به عنوان یک منبع تجدید پذیر
نوشته های مرتبط
مقالات جدید
لوگوی رسانه های برخط

logo-samandehi

پیوندها