اثر آب خاکستری مخلوط آفت کش ها
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اثر آب خاکستری مخلوط آفت کش ها

عنوان فارسی مقاله: ارزیابی اثر آب خاکستری مخلوط آفت کش ها در خاک کشت شده با نیشکر در منطقه شمالی ایالت پرنامبوکو، برزیل
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Assessment of the gray water footprint of the pesticide mixture in a soil cultivated with sugarcane in the northern area of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله تولید پاک – Journal of Cleaner Production
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی محیط زیست
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: آلودگی های محیط زیست، مهندسی بهداشت محیط
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: اثر آب خاکستری، آفت کش، نیشکر، کیفیت آب
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Gray water footprint، Pesticide، Sugarcane، Water quality
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله مروری (Review Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.06.282
دانشگاه: Department of Rural Technology, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 7.096 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 150 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1.620 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0959-6526
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 8
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E13132
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Abbreviation


1. Introduction


2. Material and methods


3. Results and discussion


4. Conclusions


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


In sugarcane crops, several agricultural pesticides are applied simultaneously, and a set of these can be detected in groundwater and surface waters, characterizing a contamination by pesticides mixtures with different concentrations in these bodies of water. Thus, the aim of this work is to estimate the gray water footprint of the pesticide mixture (herbicides) used in a dystrophic Yellow Ultisol in a sugarcane cultivation system, in Pernambuco, Brazil, based on the toxicity of each pesticide used in the mixture. For this objective, the model proposed by Paraiba et al. (2014) was used, where the gray water footprint is determined by physicochemical characteristics of the soil and pesticides, the pesticide application rates (dose), and the lowest value of the effective mean dose of these substances in a population of organisms (EC50). The gray water footprint of the pesticide mixture was 1.32  ۱۰۵ m3 ha1 . The highest volumes of gray water and higher ranks of the mixture were due to Amicarbazone and Hexazinone, with 1.05  ۱۰۵ m3 ha1 (r ¼ ۵) and 3.71  ۱۰۴ m3 ha1 (r ¼ ۴٫۶), respectively, and the lowest values were due to Paraquat and Glyphosate, with gray water footprint of 1.64 and 8.43 m3 ha1 , respectively. The gray water footprint for the yield of the sugarcane crop was estimated at 1731.1 m3 t 1 , considered a high value for the gray water footprint of the sugarcane, demonstrating how much this crop can demands water resources to dilute its load of contaminants.


Introduction


There is currently a strong and unavoidable commitment to protecting water and its natural characteristics, as well as the fulfillment of human needs, such as: obtaining food in quantity and quality, fibers, fossil fuels, biofuels and biomass, industry, among others. Moreover, the global production of biological energy resources is expanding and accelerating the growth of agricultural production. As a consequence of these demands, water scarcity represents a major commercial and environmental concern worldwide (Popp et al., 2014). In the agricultural sector, the increased use of technology to produce food, fiber and fuel, for example, has contributed greatly to the productivity gains of agricultural crops (Brodt et al., 2011). However, the inappropriate use of these same technologies as, for example, pesticides, could jeopardize the developments observed in the Agricultural sector (Damalas and Eleftherohorinos, 2011). About the sugarcane culture, Brazil is the world’s largest sugarcane producer, being responsible together with India, for more than half of the production of this commodity on the world. Despite the relevance of the sugarcane crop and its economic results for Brazil in terms of trade balance and also GDP, it is necessary to take into account the environmental aspects resulting from the cultivation of this crop. Studies have shown that the sugarcane crop has negatively impacted the environmental compartments, as well as its biotic and abiotic components (Liboni and Cezarino, 2012; Pignati et al., 2017).

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