توسعه منابع انرژی تجدیدپذیر
ترجمه نشده

توسعه منابع انرژی تجدیدپذیر

عنوان فارسی مقاله: تأثیر تحقیق و توسعه عمومی و سرایت دانش بر توسعه منابع انرژی تجدیدپذیر: مورد کشورهای شمالی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The influence of public R&D and knowledge spillovers on the development of renewable energy sources: The case of the Nordic countries
مجله/کنفرانس: پیش بینی فناورانه و تغییرات اجتماعی – Technological Forecasting and Social Change
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی انرژی، مدیریت
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: انرژی های تجدیدپذیر، سیاست های تحقیق و توسعه
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: تحقیق و توسعه عمومی، سرایت دانش، نوآوری، توسعه تکنولوژیکی، منابع انرژی تجدیدپذیر
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Public R&D، Knowledge spillover، Innovation، Technological development، Renewable energy sources
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2019.04.020
دانشگاه: Graduate School of Management and Economics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4.852 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 93 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1.422 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0040-1625
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 14
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E13363
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1. Introduction


2. Literature review


3. Methodological issues


4. Results


5. Discussion


6. Concluding remark and policy implications


Acknowledgement


Appendix A. Sensitive analysis


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Energy innovation is a key requirement to limit global warming and tackle climate change in the years to come. A better understanding of the public R&D mechanism is likely to improve allocation of resources for energy innovation. Thus, the present paper evaluates the impacts of public R&D and knowledge spillovers on the development of renewable energy sources. To achieve this goal, knowledge flow has been modeled as a function of public R&D expenditures, cumulative knowledge stocks and knowledge spillovers. To show the application of the model, the Nordic countries as one of the pioneers in renewable technologies have been chosen. Results show the cumulative knowledge stock will increase to 2.4 billion USD until 2030, by focusing on biofuels, solar and wind energy. Results also indicate that the knowledge spillovers reduce the domestic R&D investment and may strengthen the knowledge stock. These impacts of knowledge spillovers are more effective when the absorptive capacity of the country becomes greater. The model helps policy makers to design effective policies for creating a balance between domestic R&D expenditures and knowledge spillovers. Finally, some important policy insights and some recommendations for further research are concluded.


Introduction


Renewable energy sources (RES) and energy innovation play an essential role to tackle climate change and reduce GHG1 emissions in the years to come (IPCC, 2014; Mallett, 2015). Since the cost of traditional fossil fuels is significantly lower than RES, renewable energy technologies have contributed a minor share of the total electricity generation (Semieniuk, 2016). Hence, technological breakthrough and resource mobilization in renewable energy sources are necessary to develop new technologies and to mitigate climate change (Edenhofer et al., 2014; Schmidt and Marschinski, 2009). The capability of governments to provide this financial resources is limited and usually under uncertainty (Karltorp, 2016). However, governments confirmed that their public funding for technological innovation in low-carbon energy will be increased significantly (Mission Innovation, 2016). Analyzing the knowledge flows can help policy makers to forecast public funding in order to support energy innovation systems (Chan and Daim, 2012). Renewable energy knowledge creation is one of the main factors to develop new technologies, technological innovation systems (Bergek et al., 2008) and sustainability transition studies (Markard et al., 2012). Indeed, with respect to innovation policy at national level, knowledge flow plays a central role to create a relationship between socio-economic, environmental and energy dimensions (Aghion and Howitt, 1992). At the national-level, Bell and Pavitt (1993) and Suurs and Hekkert (2009) determined the relationship between knowledge accumulation and national R&D2 activities.

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