یک مطالعه موردی از اتیوپی در مورد نظارت بر امنیت غذایی
ترجمه نشده

یک مطالعه موردی از اتیوپی در مورد نظارت بر امنیت غذایی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: مباحثات متناوب پیرامون نظارت بر امنیت غذایی: یک مطالعه موردی از اتیوپی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Alternative discourses around the governance of food security: A case study from Ethiopia
مجله/کنفرانس: امنیت غذایی جهانی - Global Food Security
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: علوم اجتماعی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: پژوهشگری اجتماعی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: امنیت غذایی، خودمختاری غذایی، انقلاب سبز، آزادسازی بازار، انعطاف پذیری، تجارتی کردن خرده مالک
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Food security، Food sovereignty، Green revolution، Market liberalization، Resilience، Smallholder commercialization
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2019.100338
دانشگاه: Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, Germany
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 5/563 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 31 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 1/927 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 2211-9124
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 11
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E14330
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Methods


3- Results


4- Discussion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Global discourses on the governance of food security span competing approaches. For example, a neoliberal approach advocates commercialized, industrial agriculture, while food sovereignty and resilience are part of an alternative discourse to food security that prioritizes locally-based agroecological food production. Understanding how global discourses play out locally and how they impact the environment and biodiversity is important to identify appropriate pathways towards sustainability. In addition to their effects on food security, different approaches could reinforce or impede the success of biodiversity conservation because of the strong interdependence of food security and ecosystems. We applied the Q-methodology to examine alternative approaches to food security and biodiversity conservation pursued by 50 stakeholders from local to national levels in southwestern Ethiopia. We identified four distinct approaches, focusing on (1) smallholder commercialization, (2) agroecology and resilience, (3) local economy and equity, and (4) market liberalization. All approaches prioritized smallholders, but perspectives on how to achieve food security varied. Agricultural intensification, commercialization, and profit were widely considered important, while support for agroecology and resilience was largely restricted to non-government organizations. With the exception of supporters of the agroecology and resilience approach, biodiversity conservation was considered as a secondary goal. We conclude it is important to acknowledge plurality of food security approaches because local conditions are characterized by a multiplicity of stakeholder interests, and because food security is a complex problem that requires a multidimensional approach. However, major contradictions among existing approaches need to be reconciled, and the agroecology and resilience approach should be strengthened to ensure the sustainable achievement of food security and biodiversity conservation.


Introduction


Ensuring food security is a central aspect of the sustainable development goals (UN, 2015) and of the development agenda of the African Union (FAO, 2012; African Union Commission, 2015). The World Food Summit defined food security as “a condition that exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for a healthy and active life” (WFS, 1996). In the context of this study, we conceptualized food security as universal access to sufficient, safe, and culturally acceptable food, without negative effects on biodiversity. Here, we included the issue of biodiversity because food security and biodiversity goals are strongly interdependent (Chappell and LaValle, 2011), and thus approaches that address food security could either reinforce or impede achieving the goal of biodiversity conservation (Fischer et al., 2014). Hence, our study sought to uncover how approaches to ensuring food security could also affect biodiversity conservation. Universally the goal of food security is widely agreed upon, uninterruptedly ensuring the availability and accessibility of food to all people. However, the approaches to achieve this goal remain deeply contested (Shilomboleni, 2017).

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