کاهش لرزش توربین های بادی
ترجمه نشده

کاهش لرزش توربین های بادی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: بررسی وضعیت کنونی در زمینه کاهش لرزش توربین های بادی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: A state-of-the-art review on the vibration mitigation of wind turbines
مجله/کنفرانس: بررسی انرژی تجدید پذیر و پایدار – Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی مکانیک، مهندسی انرژی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: طراحی کاربردی، ساخت و تولید، دینامیک و ارتعاشات، انرژی های تجدیدپذیر
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: توربین بادی، کاهش لرزش، مرور
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Wind turbine، Vibration mitigation، Review
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله مروری (Review Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2020.109710
دانشگاه: Centre for Infrastructure Monitoring and Protection, School of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Curtin University, Kent Street, Bentley, WA, 6102, Australia
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 12.025 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 222 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 3.288 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 1364-0321
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 19
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E14958
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Nomenclature


۱٫ Introduction


۲٫ Vibration control methods


۳٫ Vibration control of wind turbine tower


۴٫ Vibration control of wind turbine blades


۵٫ Conclusions


Acknowledgements


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Wind energy as one of the renewable energies is serving as an indispensable role in generating new electric power. The worldwide installation of wind farms has considerably increased recently. To extract more wind resources, multi-megawatt wind turbines are usually designed and constructed with large rotors and slender tower. These flexible structures are susceptible to external dynamic excitations such as wind, wave and seismic loads. The excessive vibrations can compromise the wind energy conversion, lead to the structural fatigue damage and even result in the catastrophic failure of wind turbines in harsh environmental conditions. Various control devices have been proposed and used to mitigate the unwanted vibrations of wind turbines to enhance their safety and serviceability. This paper aims to provide a state-of-the-art review of the current vibration control techniques and their applications to wind turbines. Firstly, the widely used control strategies in engineering structures are briefly introduced. Their applications to suppress the adverse vibrations of the structural components of wind turbines, mainly the tower and blades, are then reviewed and discussed in detail. It can be concluded that the vibration mitigation of wind turbines is very challenging due to the fact that the dynamic behaviours of wind turbines are very complicated, which are associated with the aerodynamics, rotation of the blades, interaction between the tower and rotating blades, and soil-structure interaction, etc. Moreover, it is a challenge to straightforwardly use many of the conventional control devices because of the limited spaces in the tower and blades.


Introduction


Wind energy as one of the renewable energies plays an attractive means to generate new electric power. Wind farms have experienced rapid growth and expansion recently especially in the last decade. As reported by the Global Wind Energy Council, the worldwide installations of wind turbines reached about 539 GW at the end of 2017, with an increase of 2155% compared to that in 2011 [1]. Moreover, numbers of wind turbines are erected far away from coastlines to more efficiently extract the huge wind resources. The offshore wind power reached a historical record in 2017 with 4334 MW new installations, and the cumulative capacity was 18,814 MW [1]. Fig. 1 shows the global annual and cumulative installations of wind turbines from 2001 to 2017, and the total installations of offshore wind farms in 2011–۲۰۱۷ are shown in Fig. 2. It can be seen that though the offshore wind capacity in 2017 was only about 3.5% of the total wind capacity, it is growing very quickly and with great prospects. Wind turbines can be broadly grouped into the horizontal and vertical axis categories depending on the orientation of the rotation axis of the blades. Fig. 3 shows the typical geometrical configurations of the horizontal and vertical axis wind turbines (HAWTs and VAWTs) [2]. As implied by the name, the blades of HAWTs rotate about the horizontal axis, and they are perpendicular to the direction of wind flow, while the blades of VAWTs rotate vertically and they are not required to face the wind. As the HAWTs dominate the utility-scale wind turbine market currently, only the research works on the vibration control of HAWTs are reviewed and discussed herein.

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