اثرات کاهش ارزش پول در تبرئه جرم
ترجمه نشده

اثرات کاهش ارزش پول در تبرئه جرم

عنوان فارسی مقاله: اثرات کاهش ارزش پول و قابلیت حل در تبرئه جرم
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The effects of devaluation and solvability on crime clearance
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله عدالت کیفری – Journal of Criminal Justice
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: حقوق
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: حقوق عمومی، حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: اداره کردن، جرایم خشونت آمیز، تبرئه
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Policing، Violent crime، Clearance
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2020.101657
دانشگاه: Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Missouri, St. Louis, MO 63121, USA
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 3.804 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 73 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 1.720 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 0047-2352
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 15
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E15060
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


۱٫ Introduction


۲٫ Traditional explanations of police clearance


۳٫ Toward a revised framework


۴٫ Current study


۵٫ Data


۶٫ Analytic strategy


۷٫ Results


۸٫ Sensitivity tests


۹٫ Discussion and future directions


Funding


Declaration of Competing Interest


Acknowledgements


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Purpose: Scholars suggest that clearance rates reflect (a) the solvability of cases (Gottfredson & Hindelang, 1979; Roberts, 2007), and/or (b) the populations that the police choose to prioritize (Black, 1976). But few studies consider the totality of contextual and situational characteristics that may explain clearance rates and contribute to important disparities among them. The current study presents a framework that considers the effect of various types of devaluation and solvability on clearance. Methods: Linear probability modeling is used to test the framework’s utility and whether complaint, neighborhood, and police district characteristics affect the clearance of violent crimes in St. Louis, MO. Results: The findings suggest that while minority victims and neighborhoods may be devalued, specific crime features physically hinder crime-solving. Important interactions emerge between devaluation and solvability indicators, and crime types are found to have distinctive clearance predictors. The results suggest that witness and victim-offender relationship information might be particularly important in clearing crimes involving Black victims. Conclusions: Overall, the results highlight the importance of comprehensively studying crime-solving. Future research should continue to work toward developing a comprehensive conceptualization to explain police case clearance.


Introduction


Racial disparities appear to be persistent in clearance rates, with crimes involving Black victims and occurring in disadvantaged, minority communities having particularly low clearance rates (Petersen, 2017; Roberts & Lyons, 2009). But important conceptualization and measurement issues surround the study of crime-solving, and research has yet to determine whether clearance rates reflect the solvability of cases (Gottfredson & Hindelang, 1979; Klinger, 1997; Roberts, 2007), and/or the populations that the police choose to prioritize (Black, 1976; Jarvis & Regoeczi, 2009). Two theoretical perspectives have been developed to explain crime clearance rates: (1) the devaluation thesis, which claims that disadvantaged, minority individuals and neighborhoods will not be prioritized by the police and therefore cases involving these characteristics will have lower clearance rates (Black, 1976; Jarvis & Regoeczi, 2009; Petersen, 2017); and (2) the solvability perspective, which argues that police and situational characteristics, such as police workload and physical evidence, determine the likelihood of clearance (Gottfredson & Hindelang, 1979; Roberts, 2007). But research examining the influence of such factors on crime clearance has been limited in a number of respects. First, devaluation and solvability perspectives have overlapping constructs, and research has yet to disentangle their competing operationalizations. Secondly, few studies have considered the interaction of devaluation indicators, such as victim race, and solvability factors, such as weapon type (Petersen, 2017; Regoeczi & Jarvis, 2013). Exploring these interactions is an important first step in disentangling alternative perspectives and their relative influences on clearance. Finally, few studies have considered the clearance of crimes other than homicide (Taylor, Holleran, & Topalli, 2009). Since police departments are pressured to solve homicides, they may be less impacted by extralegal factors, such as victim and neighborhood race (Klinger, 1997).

  • اشتراک گذاری در

دیدگاه خود را بنویسید:

تاکنون دیدگاهی برای این نوشته ارسال نشده است

اثرات کاهش ارزش پول در تبرئه جرم
نوشته های مرتبط
مقالات جدید
لوگوی رسانه های برخط

logo-samandehi

پیوندها