قوانین جزایی برای کنترل جنایات تروریستی
ترجمه نشده

قوانین جزایی برای کنترل جنایات تروریستی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: استقرار مدل Absichtsdelikte قوانین جزایی برای کنترل جنایات تروریستی: مورد چین
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The establishment of the Absichtsdelikte model of criminal law for controlling terrorist crimes: The case of China
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله بین المللی حقوق ، جرم و عدالت – International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: حقوق
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، حقوق عمومی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: Absichtsdelikte، چین، قانون کیفری، انگیزه جرم، جنایات تروریستی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Absichtsdelikte، China، Criminal law، Crime motivation، Terrorist crimes
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlcj.2019.100366
دانشگاه: School of Law, Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, Yunnan Province, People’s Republic of China
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 0.947 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 25 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 0.374 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 1756-0616
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q2 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 10
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15062
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


۱٫ Introduction


۲٫ The origin and characteristics of terrorist crimes in China


۳٫ Introducing the Absichtsdelikte model to legislation


۴٫ The Absichtsdelikte model of China’s legislation for counter-terrorism


۵٫ The advantages of the Absichtsdelikte model for counter-terrorism


۶٫ Conclusion


Conflicts of interest


Funding


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Under the influence of religious extremism, terrorists in China have used crime and violence as a means of creating terror and spreading panic in order to achieve the goal of splitting China. While criminal law could be an effective instrument for fighting against terrorism, the essential characteristics of terrorism in China require a reconstruction of the criminal legal system around the Absichtsdelikte model by introducing terrorist motivation into the constitutive elements of terrorist crimes. This article argues that this rather innovative legislative model can help to align the crime with the punishment in the field of counter-terrorism legislation and would be helpful for crime prevention as well.


Introduction


In criminology, understanding and examining why people commit a crime is very important in the ongoing debate of how crime should be handled, reduced and prevented (Byrne, 2008; Caspi et al., 2006; Mackenzie, 2006; Wilconx and Cullen, 2018). In the conventional sense, while the legal system typically allows motive to be proven in order to make plausible the accused’s reasons for committing a crime, motive in itself is not a core element of any given crime. However, this rule may not be applicable to a special category of crime – terrorist crime. Terrorism has not featured significantly in the criminology literature until recent years (Chermak and Gruenewald, 2015; Freilich and LaFree, 2016; LaFree et al., 2009; Schmid, 2013). Questions have arisen as to how to define terrorist activities in criminal law terms as a special offense and whether they can be distinguished from ordinary violent crimes as defined in criminal codes or by the common law. As most acts that constitute terrorism are also covered by criminal laws, some analysts have argued that terrorist motivation is the key to distinguishing between a terrorist crime and an ordinary violent crime (Buker, 2017; Cassese, 2006; Pi and Zhang, 2014). Overall, however, there appears to be a lack of research discussing whether motivation should be included as one of the constitutive elements of terrorist crimes from a criminological perspective. Although there is still no commonly accepted definition of terrorism, especially in an international context (Begorre-Bret, 2006; Cronin, 2003; Grozdanova, 2014; Hoffman, 2006; Hu, 2001; Schmid, 2013), terrorist crimes can generally be seen as criminal activities that exhibit the features of terrorism, i.e., the use of violence to attack civilian targets for the purpose of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause (Blackbourn et al., 2013; Greene, 2014; Hoffman, 2006). It is important to highlight the motive element of terrorist crimes and that terrorist acts are both illegal by legislation and inherently immoral (Matusitz, 2013).

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