قانون پرونده کیفری و مدنی
ترجمه نشده

قانون پرونده کیفری و مدنی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: آدرس IP به عنوان شواهد دیجیتال در قانون پرونده کیفری و مدنی جمهوری اسلواکی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: IP Addresses in the Context of Digital Evidence in the Criminal and Civil Case Law of the Slovak Republic
مجله/کنفرانس: علوم پزشکی قانونی بین المللی: تحقیقات دیجیتال – Forensic Science International: Digital Investigation
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: حقوق
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: حقوق عمومی، حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: آدرس IP، شواهد دیجیتال، اقدامات کیفری و مدنی، حریم خصوصی، اطلاعات شخصی، بی نام سازی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: IP address، Digital evidence، Criminal and civil proceedings، Privacy، Personal data، Anonymisation
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Master Journals List
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsidi.2020.300918
دانشگاه: Pavol Jozef Safarik University in Kosice, Faculty of Science, Jesenna 5, Ko  sice, Slovakia
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
شناسه ISSN: 2666-2817
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 8
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15064
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


۱٫ Introduction


۲٫ Related work


۳٫ Methodology


۴٫ Results and discussion


۵٫ Conclusion and future works


Acknowledgements


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Use of IP addresses by courts in their decisions is one of the issues with growing importance. This applies especially at the time of the increased use of the internet as a mean to violate legal provisions of both civil and criminal law. This paper focuses predominantly on two issues: (1) the use of IP addresses as digital evidence in criminal and civil proceedings and possible mistakes in courts’ approach to this specific evidence, and (2) the anonymisation of IP addresses in cases when IP addresses are to be considered as personal data. This paper analyses the relevant judicial decisions of the Slovak Republic spanning the time period from 2008 to 2019, in which the relevant courts used the IP address as evidence. On this basis, the authors formulate their conclusions on the current state and developing trends in the use of digital evidence in judicial proceedings. The authors demonstrate the common errors that occur in the courts’ decisions as regards the use of IP addresses as evidence in the cases of the IP addresses anonymisation, usage of the in dubio pro reo principle in criminal proceedings, and the relationship between IP addresses and devices and persons.


Introduction


Digital forensics aims to answer the ’what’, ’why’, ’how’, ’who’, ’where’ and ’when’ type of questions (Montasari, 2017). In some cases, these answers are later presented to the court. This process engages many stakeholders with different interests, different level of knowledge and different roles (Stahl et al., 2012). As demonstrated by Brungs and Jamieson (2005) and Liles et al. (2009), members of these groups often disagree on the importance of specific legal issues related to digital forensics. These results extrapolate to the area of general issues as well, as digital forensics experts, members of law enforcement agencies, attorneys and judges focus on different issues and face different challenges. Additionally, these stakeholders’ groups have a different level of influence over existing forensics practices. Forensic experts are required to satisfy legal requirements. This led to a surge in development of tools aiming to ease the communication of basic concepts to the audience with legal background. On the side of forensic experts, standard operating procedures are developed, such as the procedure for router examination at the scene presented by Horsman et al. (2019). Standard operating procedures and similar tools ensure ’the validity, legitimacy and reliability of digital evidence’ (Slay et al., 2009) as these are the core values behind any forensic process (Vincze, 2016). Development of those procedures leads to standardisation across the investigation to ensure ’that work is done consistently by all persons who are required to do the same task’ (Manghani, 2011). The ability to seize digital evidence and to do so legally is often followed by the challenge of making lawyers understand the evidence. Lawyers and judges must be able to grasp the basic concepts in order to use the information provided to them by forensic experts efficiently. Education is often discussed, as a mean to allow lawyers to understand what they can expect from digital forensic experts and even what questions should lawyers ask them (Wong, 2013) (Oparnica, 2016) (Henseler and van Loenhout, 2018). In the past, limited education of lawyers was quoted as one of the reasons for underuse of digital evidence in the USA (Rogers et al., 2007).

  • اشتراک گذاری در

دیدگاه خود را بنویسید:

تاکنون دیدگاهی برای این نوشته ارسال نشده است

قانون پرونده کیفری و مدنی
نوشته های مرتبط
مقالات جدید
لوگوی رسانه های برخط

logo-samandehi

پیوندها