حسابرسی مستمر: قابلیت حسابرسی خودکار
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حسابرسی مستمر: قابلیت حسابرسی خودکار

عنوان فارسی مقاله: حسابرسی مستمر: ایجاد قابلیت حسابرسی خودکار
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Continuous Auditing: Building Automated Auditing Capability
مجله/کنفرانس: حسابرسی مستمر – Continuous Auditing
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: حسابداری
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: حسابرسی
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research article)
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-78743-413-420181008
ناشر: امرالد - Emeraldinsight
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 23
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
کد محصول: E6625
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Summary


1- Introduction


2- Real-Time Accounting and Electronic Financial Reporting


3- Continuous Auditing Definition


4- Continuous Auditing Process


5- Continuous Auditing Methodology


6- Summary and Conclusion


7- Future Research


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Summary


The digital economy has significantly altered the way business is conducted and financial information is communicated. A rapidly growing number of organizations are conducting business and publishing business and financial reports online and in real-time. Real-time financial reporting is likely to necessitate continuous auditing to provide continuous assurance about the quality and credibility of the information presented. The audit process has, by necessity, evolved from a conventional manual audit to computer-based auditing and is now confronted with creating continuous electronic audits. Rapidly emerging information technology and demands for more timely communication of information to business stakeholders requires auditors to invent new ways to continuously monitor, gather, and analyze audit evidence. Continuous auditing is defined here as “a comprehensive electronic audit process that enables auditors to provide some degree of assurance on continuous information simultaneously with, or shortly after, the disclosure of the information.” This paper is based on a review of related literature, innovative continuous auditing applications, and the experiences of the authors. An approach for building continuous audit capacity is presented and audit data warehouses and data marts are described. Ever improving technology suggests that the real-time exchange of sensitive financial data will place constant pressure on auditors to update audit techniques. Most of the new techniques that will be required will involve creation of new software and audit models. Future research should focus on how continuous auditing could be constantly improved in various auditing domains including assurance, attestation, and audit services.


Introduction


Electronic commerce, electronic data interchange (EDI), and the Internet are dramatically changing business practices and record keeping. Doing business on the World Wide Web enables organizations to connect into the online world and improve all aspects of their business. In this high-technology environment business transactions are conducted entirely in electronic form. Technological advances have taken the form of low-cost, high-speed digital data transmission by utilizing hardware that produces information quickly and easily, and using software that reduces and, in many cases, eliminates much time, space, and other constraints to information. The progress in information technology, while reducing both transaction costs and asymmetric information problems, has increased economies of scale and scope in all business sectors (Albrecht and Sack 2000). The 1998 Vision Project of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) states that technological advances are significant forces affecting the accounting profession (AICPA 1998a). Traditionally, credible financial reports could only be produced on a periodic basis, primarily because the information needed to generate the reports was too costly to obtain on a real-time basis. Consequently, reports have been issued months after the occurrence of the actual events they represent. In this setting, auditing is mostly a backward-looking exercise testing the accuracy of the reported numbers. Today, organizations can produce standardized financial information on a real-time, online basis. The time is near when companies will allow shareholders and others to have access to real-time corporate financial information. Real-time accounting needs real-time auditing to provide continuous assurance about the quality of the data. Thus, continuous auditing is likely to become commonplace as audit clients increasingly shift to electronic real-time accounting systems. Continuous auditing enables auditors to significantly reduce and perhaps eliminate the time between occurrence of the client’s events and the auditor’s assurance services thereon.

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