نظریه سیستم دوگانه اختلالات طیف دو قطبی: فراتحلیل
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نظریه سیستم دوگانه اختلالات طیف دو قطبی: فراتحلیل

عنوان فارسی مقاله: نظریه سیستم دوگانه اختلالات طیف دو قطبی: فراتحلیل
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The dual-system theory of bipolar spectrum disorders: A metaanalysis
مجله/کنفرانس: مرور روانشناسی بالینی - Clinical Psychology Review
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی بالینی، روان سنجی
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله مروری (Review Article)
نمایه: scopus – master journals – JCR – MedLine
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2020.101945
دانشگاه: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2021
ایمپکت فاکتور: 194 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 11.682 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 5.281 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 0272-7358
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 79
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15297
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
ترجمه فارسی فهرست مطالب

نکات برجسته


خلاصه


1. مقدمه


2. مطالعه فعلی


3. روش


4. نتایج


5. بحث و گفتگو


6. نتیجه گیری


اعلامیه منافع رقابتی


ضمیمه A. داده های تکمیلی


منابع

فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Highlights


Abstract


1. Introduction


2. Current study


3. Method


4. Results


5. Discussion


6. Conclusion


Declaration of Competing Interest


Appendix A. Supplementary data


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Bipolar spectrum disorders are characterized by alternating intervals of extreme positive and negative affect. We performed a meta-analysis to test the hypothesis that such disorders would be related to dysregulated reinforcement sensitivity. First, we reviewed 23 studies that reported the correlation between self-report measures of (hypo)manic personality and measures of reinforcement sensitivity. A large relationship was found between (hypo)manic personality and BAS sensitivity (g = .74), but not with BIS sensitivity (g = -.08). This stands in contrast to self-reported depression which has a small, negative relationship with BAS sensitivity and a large positive one with BIS sensitivity (Katz et al., 2020). Next, we reviewed 33 studies that compared reinforcement sensitivity between euthymic, bipolar participants and healthy controls. There, bipolar disorder had a small, positive relationship with BAS sensitivity (g = .20) and a medium, positive relationship with BIS sensitivity (g = .64). These findings support a dualsystem theory of bipolar disorders, wherein BAS sensitivity is more closely related to mania and BIS sensitivity more closely to bipolar depression. Bipolar disorders show diatheses for both states with euthymic participants being BAS- and BIS- hypersensitive. Implications for further theory and research practice are expounded upon in the discussion.


The bipolar spectrum contains a set of related disorders characterized by the periodic experiencing of emotional extremes (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Those who suffer from a bipolar spectrum disorder have typically experienced periods of abnormally elevated, energetic or irritable moods as well as periods of lethargy and anhedonia – sometimes rapidly cycling between both, and sometimes experiencing both simultaneously. Although a diagnosis of Bipolar I disorder (BP-I) requires only a manic episode (American Psychiatric Association, 2013), a recent, large-scale survey of those diagnosed with BP-I found that the vast majority have experienced at least one depressive episode as well (e.g., 94.2%; Karanti et al., 2020). A diagnosis of Bipolar II (BP-II), on the other hand, entails the history of a less severe manic episode along with a depressive episode (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Cyclothymic disorder involves numerous cycles of subthreshold manic and depressive episodes. Final diagnosis often reflects the relative severity of each bipolar episode. Severe impairment due to mania/hypomania is somewhat more common among those with BP-I than with BP-II (e.g., 73.1% vs 64.6%), while severe impairment due to a depressive episode is slightly more likely among those with BP-II than in BP-I (e.g., 91.4% vs 89.3%; Merikangas et al., 2007). While the relative severities of each bipolar episode may shift based on disorder, bipolar spectrum disorders typically share the primary experience of alternating between extremes.

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