مقاله انگلیسی مروری بر اقتصاد حمل و نقل عمومی
ترجمه نشده

مقاله انگلیسی مروری بر اقتصاد حمل و نقل عمومی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: مروری بر اقتصاد حمل و نقل عمومی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: A review of public transport economics
مجله/کنفرانس: اقتصاد حمل و نقل - Economics of Transportation
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: اقتصاد، مهندسی عمران
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: اقتصاد مالی، مهندسی راه و ترابری
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: حمل و نقل عمومی ، تقاضای حمل و نقل عمومی ، توابع هزینه ، قیمت گذاری ، تهیه ظرفیت ، یارانه ها
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Public transport, Public transport demand, Cost functions, Pricing, Capacity provision, Subsidies
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله مروری (Review Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecotra.2021.100196
دانشگاه: Imperial College London, UK
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2021
ایمپکت فاکتور: 1.187 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 58 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 0.362 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 2212-0122
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q3 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 34
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15454
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
نوع رفرنس دهی: vancouver
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Highlights


Abstract


Keywords


1. Introduction


2. Designing and calibrating public transport models


3. Optimal supply policies


4. Emerging technologies and related policies


5. Conclusions


CRediT authorship contribution statement


Acknowledgement


Appendix.


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Public transport provision requires substantial organisational efforts, careful planning, financial contributions from the public, and coordination between millions of passengers and staff members in large systems. Efficient resource allocation is critical in its daily operations. Therefore, public transport has been among the most popular subjects in transport economics since the infancy of this discipline. This paper presents an overview of the literature developed over the past half century, including more than 300 important contributions. With a strong methodological orientation, it collects, classifies, and compares the frequently used analytical modelling techniques, thus providing a cookbook for future research and learning efforts. We discuss key findings on optimal capacity provision, pricing, cost recovery and subsidies, externalities, private operations, public service regulation, and cross-cutting subjects, such as interlinks with urban economics, political economy, and emerging mobility technologies.


 


1. Introduction


Public transport, defined in this paper as high-capacity vehicle sharing with fixed routes and schedules, is the backbone of urban transport systems in global cities, especially in densely populated metropolitan areas. It is unlikely that mobility will become completely private in the near future, simply because of the inevitable traffic congestion and the difficulties of storing individual vehicles when they are not in use. In other words, even though technological development may transform the appearance of public transport, the fundamental challenge of coordinating between individual travellers who share vehicles of high capacity will remain. The purpose of public transport economics is to make this coordination more efficient, ensuring optimal resource allocation to unlock all societal benefits of mass mobility.


This work reviews more than 300 papers, including the most influential contributions that shaped our understanding of the economics of public transport over recent decades. The earliest studies date back to the 1960s and the 1970s when advanced quantitative methods were not available to calibrate disaggregate supply models, estimate sophisticated demand models, and simulate policy interventions’ impact on large urban networks. Did public transport economics significantly change over half a century? Interestingly, the main messages and policy recommendations of the economists in this field are still the same. Scale (density) economies, road pricing, substitution with underpriced car use, socially optimal subsidies, and the peak load problem are still on the research agenda in various forms, just like decades ago. However, the prevalence of popular subjects does not imply that theoretical and empirical results have achieved maximum impact on policymaking. Despite the surrounding consensus among members of the scientific community, the links between scale economies and subsidisation or the limitations of public transport pricing in congestion mitigation are not obvious in the wider transport industry, to mention only two examples. One of the challenges of public transport economics as a sub-discipline will emerge in knowledge dissemination and cross-fertilisation with related disciplines and professions. We believe that a critical overview of past research efforts is crucial in making impactful discoveries in the future.

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