مقاله انگلیسی تأثیر بلایای هواپیمایی بر تولیدکنندگان موتور
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مقاله انگلیسی تأثیر بلایای هواپیمایی بر تولیدکنندگان موتور

عنوان فارسی مقاله: تأثیر بلایای هواپیمایی بر تولیدکنندگان موتور: تجزیه و تحلیل خطرات سرایت مالی و اعتبار
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The influence of aviation disasters on engine manufacturers: An analysis of financial and reputational contagion risks
مجله/کنفرانس: بررسی بین المللی تجزیه و تحلیل مالی - International Review of Financial Analysis
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: گردشگری و توریسم، اقتصاد، مهندسی صنایع
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مدیریت گردشگری، برنامه ریزی توریسم، اقتصاد مالی، سیاست مالی، لجستیک
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: بلایای هوایی ، سرایت ، تولید کنندگان موتور ، بازارهای مالی ، خطرات شهرت ، جهانگردی ، حمل و نقل
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Aviation disasters, Contagion, Engine manufacturers, Financial markets, Reputational risks, Tourism, Transport
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.irfa.2020.101630
دانشگاه: University of Zurich, Switzerland
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2021
ایمپکت فاکتور: 5.340 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 59 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 1.270 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 1057-5219
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 17
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15499
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
نوع رفرنس دهی: vancouver
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Highlights


Abstract


Keywords


1. Introduction


2. Previous literature


3. Data and methodology


4. Results


5. Concluding comments


Declaration of Competing Interest


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


One of the key sub-sectors in the aviation industry includes that of engine manufacturers, who have long led technological advancement and the battle to reduce airline carbon emissions. However, these same companies have been susceptible to a number of issues that have been central to international airlines due to higher costs and competition pressures. When an aviation disaster occurs, there is widespread allocation of blame and responsibility, which has left engine manufacturers exposed until the true cause is identified. This can generate many issues with regards to reputational damage and ability to generate finance. We set out to analyse such interactions over time and region. Our results indicate that engine manufacturers have had to contend with substantial income and financial leverage issues in the aftermath of a major aviation disaster, irrespective of whether they have been identified as a causation factor in the incident itself. Further, we clearly identify that there exists an average one day loss of 1.64% in the immediate aftermath of aviation incidents. Substantial corporate instability is found to persist without the company being in any way responsible for the incident. Shortly thereafter, contagion effects increase as speculation diminishes and more factual evidence arrives. The role of social media is examined as a potential contributory factor.


 


1. Introduction


In 2018, a record 4.4 billion passengers travelled by air worldwide on 46.1 million flights and the demand for air transport is apparent with almost 82% of all available seats being filled, with 22,000 city pairs connected by direct flights. However the gloss is overshadowed, as there were over 500 fatalities in 2018, which accounted for a fatal accident rate of 0.36 per million flights, or one fatal accident for every 3 million flights, predominantly because of the two 737 Max 8 related accidents, which were subsequently grounded. The previous year had a global fatality rate of 12.2 fatalities per billion passengers, representing the safest year ever on the record for aviation.1,2 Airline safety reputation as perceived by passengers plays a substantial role in airline choices (Siomkos, 2000) and flight choices (Molin, Blangé, Cats, & Chorus, 2017). Fatal accidents in commercial aviation remain rare and the safety of commercial passenger aviation services is of major concern for the travelling public and regulatory agencies. Liu and Zeng (2007) found that demand for air travel is likely to fall as the fatality rate increases. Airline accidents trigger instantaneous activity in the financial markets because of their unanticipated and cataclysmic nature. This type of negative rhetoric has caused sharp reductions in the share price of companies throughout the world, but it significantly impacts the aviation industry when compared to other consortiums of commercial enterprises (Kaplanski & Levy, 2010).

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