نقش واسطه ای استرس ادراک شده و سلامت روان
ترجمه نشده

نقش واسطه ای استرس ادراک شده و سلامت روان

عنوان فارسی مقاله: رابطه بین خصلت قدردانی و کیفیت زندگی: نقش واسطه ای استرس ادراک شده و سلامت روان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The relationship between dispositional gratitude and quality of life: The mediating role of perceived stress and mental health
مجله/کنفرانس: تفاوت های فردی و شخصیتی - Personality and Individual Differences
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی عمومی، روانشناسی صنعتی و سازمانی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: گرایش به قدردانی، استرس ادراک شده، سلامت روان، کیفیت زندگی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Dispositional gratitude، Perceived stress، Mental health، Quality of life
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.12.014
دانشگاه: Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2/383 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 141 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1/245 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0191-8869
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 7
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E11527
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست مطالب (انگلیسی)

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Methods


3- Results


4- Discussion


References

بخشی از مقاله (انگلیسی)

Abstract


Even though there is a great deal of research showing that being grateful plays an important role in maintaining one's quality of life and well-being, the mechanisms of this relationship remain unclear. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to investigate the role of perceived stress and mental health in the relationship between dispositional gratitude and quality of life, both uniquely and in-sequence (a serial two-mediator model: gratitude-stress-mental health-quality of life mediation model). Three-hundred and fifteen male Iranian soldiers completed the Gratitude Questionnaire, the WHO Quality of Life Assessment, the General Health Questionnaire, and the Perceived Stress Scale. The data were analyzed by Structural Equation Modeling using the maximum likelihood estimation and Bootstrap estimation method (k = 10,000). The results indicated that perceived stress and mental health, together and uniquely, partially mediated the relationship between dispositional gratitude and quality of life. Perceived stress also mediated the relationship between gratitude and mental health. Moreover, the serial two-mediator model which was used to examine the relationship between gratitude and quality of life through perceived stress and mental health, in sequence, was supported. It can be concluded that gratitude not only has direct effects on quality of life, but also has indirect effects through perceived stress and mental health.


Gratitude and its outcomes


Gratitude can be defined as a habitual focusing on and appreciating the positive aspects of life (Van Dusen, Tiamiyu, Kashdan, & Elhai, 2015; Wood, Froh, & Geraghty, 2010). Gratitude is considered a positive psychological trait, being an orientation towards the positive aspects in the world (Wood, Maltby, Gillett, Linley, & Joseph, 2008). Conceptually, gratitude should be expected to lead to improved well-being (Wood, Joseph, & Maltby, 2008). In the last two decades, a large body of evidence has found that gratitude is negatively associated with general anxiety (McCullough, Emmons, & Tsang, 2002), depression (Lin, 2015; Tulbure, 2015), negative affect (Eaton, Bradley, & Morrissey, 2014), high-risk behaviors (Ma, Kibler, & Sly, 2013), suicide ideation (Stockton, Tucker, Kleiman, & Wingate, 2016), PTSD symptoms (Van Dusen et al., 2015), and neuroticism personality (Wood, Joseph, & Maltby, 2008), and gratitude positively related to well-being, including better physical health (Hill, Allemand, & Roberts, 2013), life satisfaction (Chen, Wu, & Chang, 2017; Szcześniak & Soares, 2011), positive affect (Eaton et al., 2014), hope and personal growth (Loo, Tsai, Raylu, & Oei, 2014), forgiveness (Eaton et al., 2014), self-esteem (Lin, 2015), quality of sleep (Wood, Joseph, Lloyd, & Atkins, 2009), self-efficacy (Mills et al., 2015), vitality and subjective happiness (McCullough et al., 2002), and subjective well-being and psychological well-being (Bhullar, Surman, & Schutte, 2015; Lin, 2016). Healthy adaptive responses and reactions to life in general, and to difficult challenging situations in particular, can lead to peace of mind, happiness, general health, and satisfactory relationships (Emmons & Shelton, 2002). Individuals with more gratitude express being more satisfied with their life and having greater potential to experience positive emotions (McCullough, Tsang, & Emmons, 2004). They also feel much more hopeful about their future, which in turn can lead to better heath (Krause, Emmons, & Ironson, 2015).

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