حسابداری مواد شیمیایی مبتنی بر مصرف ملی
ترجمه نشده

حسابداری مواد شیمیایی مبتنی بر مصرف ملی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: شاخص های حسابداری مواد شیمیایی مبتنی بر مصرف ملی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Indicators for national consumption-based accounting of chemicals
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله تولید پاک - ournal of Cleaner Production
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: محیط زیست
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: آلودگی های محیط زیست، آلودگی هوا
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.294
دانشگاه: Stockholm Environment Institute, Box 24218, 10451, Stockholm, Sweden
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 7/096 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 150 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1/620 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0959-6526
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 28
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E11571
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Method


3- Indicator development


4- Indicator results


5- Discussion and conclusions


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Increased chemical use is causing a growing number of environmental problems and chemical products are pervasive in societies within animal and crop-based agriculture, in industrial processes and in households. National environmental targets, as well as the global chemical-related goals in the 2030 Agenda, call for the monitoring of chemical use and emissions. The growing international trade of goods, where use and regulation of chemical inputs vary highly between countries, complicates measurements. This paper addresses these issues by deriving a set of indicators on chemical use and emissions and connect the global impacts to a country's total consumption, here using the case of Sweden. The indicators are based on a hybrid model combining the multi-regional input-output analysis database EXIOBASE with data from the Swedish System of Economic and Environmental Accounts together with a novel set of environmental extensions. A review of databases is conducted and discussed in relation to the driver-pressure-state-impact-response (DPSIR) framework for indicators. Five indicators are calculated, showing the chemical use and emissions connected to consumption, both within a country and abroad. The indicators are: use of hazardous chemical products, use of pesticides, use of antimicrobial veterinary medicines, emissions of hazardous substances, and of the potential toxicity of these emissions. The results show that the impact of Swedish consumption in terms of use and emissions of hazardous substances is largely taking place outside the Swedish borders. Only 10–24% of the pressure from Swedish consumption is shown to occur within Sweden's borders, depending on the indicator. The use of hazardous chemical products and veterinary medicines related to Swedish consumption primarily takes place in other EU countries, whereas the use of pesticides as well as reported emissions of pollutants occur mainly in countries outside the EU. The results highlight the need for improved international accounting of chemical flows, as well as for strengthened policy frameworks to address cross-border impacts of consumption of hazardous chemical products.


Introduction


Everyday life in contemporary societies depends on the use of over 100 000 different chemicals. Poor control and management of these chemicals result in pollution and exposure, with negative impacts on human health (Pruss-Ustun et al., 2016, 2011), ecosystems (Diamond et al., 2015; Walker et al., 2012) and economies (UNEP, 2013b). The increasingly complex supply chains in global trade together with the transboundary nature of chemical pollution mean that lack of chemical control and management in one location may affect human health and the environment at large distances from the source. The European Union (EU) has set the goal to achieve a “non-toxic environment” (EU, 2013). There is also a global goal of minimizing risks from chemicals to human health and the environment by 2020 (SAICM, 2006). Sweden has a so called generation goal which aims “…to hand over to the next generation a society in which the major environmental problems in Sweden have been solved, without increasing environmental and health problems outside Sweden’s borders” (SEPA, 2015).

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