مجسم کردن استرس و تشدید روانی اجتماعی استرس
ترجمه نشده

مجسم کردن استرس و تشدید روانی اجتماعی استرس

عنوان فارسی مقاله: مجسم کردن استرس: تشدید روانی اجتماعی استرس روانی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Embodied stress: The physiological resonance of psychosocial stress
مجله/کنفرانس: Psychoneuroendocrinology
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی بالینی، روانشناسی مشاوره ای
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: همدلی، سرایت، تشدید، استرس تلقینی، کورتیزول، سیستم عصبی سمپاتیک
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Empathy، Contagion، Resonance، Empathic stress، Cortisol، Sympathetic nervous system
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله مروری (Review Article)
نمایه: MedLine - Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.12.221
دانشگاه: Max Planck Project Group Social Stress and Family Health, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4/349 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 155 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 2/013 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0306-4530
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 9
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E12780
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Stress


3- Empathy and related phenomena


4- Neural mechanisms of empathy


5- Peripheral-physiological resonance of stress


6- Issues and outlook


7- Conclusion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Psychosocial stress is a ubiquitous phenomenon in our society. While acute stress responses are necessary and adaptive, excessive activation of neurobiological stress systems can predispose an individual to far-reaching adverse health outcomes. Living in a complex social environment, experiencing stress is not limited to challenges humans face individually. Possibly linked with our capacity for empathy, we also display the tendency to physiologically resonate with others’ stress responses. This recently identified source of stress raises many interesting questions. In comparison to the wealth of studies that have advanced our understanding of sharing others’ affective states, the physiological resonance of stress has only recently begun to be more closely investigated. The aim of the current paper is to review the existing literature surrounding the emerging area of “stress contagion”, “empathic stress” or “stress resonance”, as it has been variably called. After a brief introduction of the concepts of stress and empathy, we discuss several key studies that paved the way for the merging of empathy with the concept of physiological resonance. We then delineate recent empirical studies specifically focusing on the physiological resonance of stress. In the final section of this review, we highlight differences between these studies and discuss the variability in terminology used for what seems to be the same phenomenon. Lastly, potential health implications of chronic empathic stress are presented and possible mechanisms of physiological stress transmission are discussed.


Introduction


The stress response is a healthy and adaptive function in situations of acute challenge. However, prolonged stress exposure may cause permanent dysregulation of the neurobiological stress systems, thereby leading to wear and tear on the body and brain termed allostatic load (McEwen et al., 2015). The respective physiological changes, specifically within the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and hypothalamicpituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, have been linked to detrimental health effects, including cardiovascular, metabolic, autoimmune and mental diseases (Chrousos, 2009; McEwen, 2008; Sapolsky, 2004). While chronic stress can undoubtedly arise from traumatic life events, examining extreme adversity has taken us only so far in understanding why individuals living in less demanding conditions are also susceptible to stress-related conditions. One potential explanation is that allostatic load can accumulate in the presence of non-traumatic but persistent stressors (Almeida, 2005; DeLongis et al., 1982; Lazarus and Folkam, 1984). Above and beyond the daily hassles experienced firsthand, stress can be transmitted between individuals. Understanding this physiological resonance of stress may be a key aspect to explaining how the daily environment, without being traumatic, can significantly impact our health and wellbeing. In the current paper, we review the newly emerging area of physiological stress resonance. Accordingly, studies were selected if they examined physiological resonance in two or more individuals, one of whom was subjected to stress or a stress-like challenge. Studies addressing resonance with other emotional states such as sadness or pain were not included (e.g. Harrison et al., 2006; Hein et al., 2011). Also, research addressing physiological responses to others’ suffering, but without accounting for resonance between the suffering target and empathizing observer, were excluded (e.g. Liew et al., 2003, 2011). Although not all of the summarized work related physiological stress resonance to self-report measures of empathy, the original results were generally discussed in the context of empathy research. Thus, we touch on three independent research fields: stress, empathy, and physiological resonance. While it is beyond the scope of this review to provide a comprehensive theoretical background on each of these fields, a brief synthesis of basic concepts and ideas is given. We begin with an overview of the stress system and a definition of empathy and related terms.

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