کنترل مهاری در نوجوانی
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کنترل مهاری در نوجوانی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: توسعه کنترل مهاری در نوجوانی و روابط احتمالی با بزهکاری
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The development of inhibitory control in adolescence and prospective relations with delinquency
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله رشد - Journal Of Adolescence
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی عمومی، روانشناسی تربیتی، روانشناسی بالینی کودک و نوجوان
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: وظیفه سیگنال توقف، کنترل مهاری، مسیرهای توسعه ای، نوجوانی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Stop signal task، Inhibitory control، Developmental trajectories، Adolescence
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: MedLine - Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.08.008
دانشگاه: Center for Children and Families, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2/713 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 101 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1/089 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0140-1971
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 11
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E12912
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- Methods


3- Results


4- Discussion


5- Conclusion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Introduction: Despite the central role of inhibitory control in models of adolescent development, few studies have examined the longitudinal development of inhibitory control within adolescence and its prospective association with maladaptive outcomes. The current study evaluated: 1) growth in inhibitory control from early- to middle-adolescence, and 2) the relation between inhibitory control and later delinquency.


Methods: Participants included 387 parent-child dyads (11–13 years old at Wave 1; 55% female; USA). Across three annual assessments, teens completed the Stop Signal Task (SST), and parents completed the Inhibitory Control subscale of the Early Adolescent Temperament QuestionnaireRevised. Teens self-reported their delinquent behaviors in early (Mage = 12.1) and middle adolescence (Mage = 14.1) and emerging adulthood (Mage = 18.2).


Results: Latent growth curve models indicated that SST performance improved curvilinearly from early to middle adolescence (ages 11–15), with growth slowing around middle adolescence. However, no growth in parent-reported inhibitory control was observed. Lower task-based and parent-reported inhibitory control in early adolescence predicted greater increases in delinquency from middle adolescence to emerging adulthood. However, rate of growth in taskbased inhibitory control was unrelated to later delinquency.


Conclusions: This longitudinal study provides a novel examination of the development of inhibitory control across early and middle adolescence. Results suggest that the degree to which inhibitory control confers risk for later delinquency may be captured in early adolescence, consistent with neurodevelopmental accounts of delinquency risk. Differences across assessment tools also highlight the need for careful measurement considerations in future work, as taskbased measures may be better suited to capture within-person changes over time.


Introduction


Inhibitory control is critical for engaging in adaptive, goal-directed behavior. Successful inhibition involves suppressing a dominant or prepotent response in order to execute a subdominant but adaptive response (Barkley, 1997). Poor inhibitory control consistently exhibits cross-sectional associations with externalizing behavior problems, including Oppositional Defiant Disorder, substance use disorders (Lipszyc & Schachar, 2010; Wright, Lipszyc, Dupuis, Thayapararajah, & Schachar, 2014), and antisocial behavior (Oosterlaan, Logan, & Sergeant, 1998). Most research on the development of inhibitory control has focused on the childhood period (e.g., Posner & Rothbart, 2000), even though inhibitory control continues to develop throughout adolescence. Protracted development of self-regulatory systems is considered a key mechanism contributing to the increase in risky and delinquent behaviors often observed during adolescence (Casey, Getz, & Galvan, 2008; Crone & Dahl, 2012; Steinberg, 2008). Despite the importance of inhibitory control in models of adolescent development, studies within the adolescent period are often cross-sectional; longitudinal studies generally have not evaluated the pattern of change nor the extent of individual differences in change over time, precluding a fine-grained analysis of development. The current longitudinal study addresses this gap in the literature and advances the field's understanding of inhibitory control by 1) examining growth in inhibitory control from early to middle adolescence and 2) testing the degree to which initial levels of inhibitory control at age 11, as well as growth in inhibitory control from ages 11 to 15, relates to later delinquent behavior.

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