یک تحلیل فرارشته ای در مورد انتقال بین نسلی غفلت و کودک آزاری
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یک تحلیل فرارشته ای در مورد انتقال بین نسلی غفلت و کودک آزاری

عنوان فارسی مقاله: انتقال بین نسلی غفلت و کودک آزاری: یک تحلیل فرارشته ای
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Intergenerational Transmission of Child Abuse and Neglect: A Transdisciplinary Analysis
مجله/کنفرانس: جنس و ژنوم - Gender and the Genome
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: علوم اجتماعی، روانشناسی، حقوق
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی بالینی کودک و نوجوان، روانشناسی تربیتی، حقوق عمومی، پژوهشگری اجتماعی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: بدرفتاری با کودک، انتقال بین نسلی، وراثت، سوءاستفاده، بی توجهی، بیولوژی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: child maltreatment، intergenerational transmission، inheritance، abuse، neglect، biology
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله مروری (Review Article)
نمایه: DOAJ
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1177/2470289719826101
دانشگاه: Centre for Research on Children and Families, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
ناشر: سیج - Sage
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
شناسه ISSN: 2470-2897
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: Pdf
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 21
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E12999
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Introduction


Methods


Can Childhood Maltreatment Predict Parenting Practices Later in Life?


Mechanisms to Explain Intergenerational Transmission of Maltreatment


Poverty and Structural Disadvantage


Mental Health and Emotion Regulation


Biology of Childhood Abuse From an Early-Life Stress Perspective


Genetic Predispositions and Individual Differences


Epigenetic Embedding of Maltreatment


Epigenetic Inheritance of Maltreatment


Timing of Maltreatment


Methodological Challenges


Discussion


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Parents who experienced maltreatment in childhood may be at an increased risk of presenting abusive or neglectful behavior toward their own children. Research suggests reoccurring patterns of abuse and neglect across generations, but the factors that influence these behavioral patterns are complex and poorly understood. Although abusive or neglectful parenting styles undoubtedly are strongly influenced by social factors (ie, “nurture”), there might be underlying biological components to perpetuating behavioral patterns (ie, “nature”). Importantly, nature and nurture are known to interact in shaping developmental outcomes, and as such should not be considered in isolation. In this review, we examine the evidence regarding the inheritance of abusive and/or neglectful parenting behavior using a transdisciplinary approach. We integrate knowledge of the social and biological science fields on the continuance of abusive and neglectful behavior, as well as the methodological challenges that complicate the interpretation of existing research. Finally, we stress the importance of considering contextual factors of both social and biological research findings concerning the intergenerational inheritance of child abuse and neglect and discuss the potential for early social intervention to disrupt harmful intergenerational patterns.


Introduction


Child maltreatment can have devastating psychological and neurobiological consequences. Major areas in which damage can occur include behavioral and affect regulation, attachment relationships, development of identity and self-esteem, peer relationships, and academic performance and adaptation. Consequences may extend into adulthood and include internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, post-traumatic stress, alcohol abuse, obesity, chronic pain, and sexually transmitted infections, unemployment, poverty, and social assistance usage, as well as impairments in attention, abstract reasoning, working memory, problem-solving, verbal and nonverbal fluency, verbal and nonverbal inhibition, and directed attention. To prevent abuse and neglect and the associated consequences, it is critical to determine all the factors that operate in concert to cause maltreatment. The etiology of child abuse and neglect is generally viewed as complex and multiply determined. Estimates of intergenerational transmission of maltreatment vary widely, underscoring the methodological limitations inherent to studying parenting across generations and the lack of clarity in this field of study (see Table 1). Importantly, existing reviews have only included a focus on either social science research or biological research, and several have given too much weight to methodologically weak studies (see63). The purpose of this article is to review the evidence on the role of childhood maltreatment in predicting later abusive and neglectful behavior in order to identify possible mechanisms and interactions influencing the continuity and discontinuity of harmful parenting practices across generations.

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