استفاده از ربات برای القای واکنش استرس
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استفاده از ربات برای القای واکنش استرس

عنوان فارسی مقاله: استفاده از ربات مخاطب غیر انسانی برای القای واکنش استرس در افراد شرکت کننده
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Use of a non-human robot audience to induce stress reactivity in human participants
مجله/کنفرانس: نقش کامپیوتر در رفتار انسان – Computers in Human Behavior
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی کامپیوتر، روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: معماری سیستم های کامپیوتری، روانشناسی عمومی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: آزمایش استرس، کورتیزول بزاق، ضربان قلب، آسیب ارزیابی شده اجتماعی، ربات مخاطب، مقابله
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Stress testing، Salivary cortisol، Heart rate، Social evaluative threat، Robot audience، Coping
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.05.019
دانشگاه: The STress, Endocrine and Lifecourse LAboRatory (STELLAR), Department of Psychology, University of Bath, UK
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 5.876 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 137 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1.711 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0747-5632
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 10
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E13637
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1. Introduction


2. Materials and methods


3. Results


4. Discussion


5. Conclusions


Funding


Declarations of interest


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


This study examined whether a non-human robot audience can elicit a stress response in human participants. A 90-min experimental laboratory session based on the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) using a pre-recorded robot audience, was presented as a live on-screen simulation. Nineteen participants (female = 16) aged 21–۵۷ years (M = 29.74) underwent a 10-min mock interview and mathematics task in front of the robot audience. Salivary cortisol was assessed at 10-min before and immediately prior to the start of the stress test, and +10-, +30- and +40-min after the start of the test. Heart rate was assessed 20 min before, at 5 min into and 40-min after the test. Perceived stress and trait coping responses were provided at entry and participants were interviewed post task about their subjective experience. Significant increases in salivary cortisol and heart rate were observed over time with no significant interactions by participant subjective report. Coping responses including active coping and planning showed significant relationships with cortisol and heart rate reactivity and recovery. Until now, a non-human robot audience has not been used in a social stress testing paradigm. This methodology offers an innovative application with potential for further in-depth evaluation of stress reactivity and adaptation.


Introduction


It is uncontested that the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) (Kirschbaum, Pirke, & Hellhammer, 1993) offers a well validated and established acute stress experimental paradigm. A recent review cites it as the “gold standard in human experimental stress research” having been applied across a range of settings, different populations and age groups (Allen et al., 2017, p. 115). Various adaptations of this test include those that have changed the setting or other relevant parameters including the TSST-G designed for group testing (von Dawans, Kirschbaum, & Heinrichs, 2011), the inclusion of a placebo (Het, Rohleder, Schoofs, Kirschbaum, & Wolf, 2009) or friendly version (Het et al., 2009) as a control comparison and a growing number of virtual reality (VR) versions (Jonsson et al., 2010; Kotlyar et al., 2008; Shiban et al., 2016; Wallergard, Jonsson, Osterberg, Johansson, & Karlson, 2011; Kothgassner et al., 2016). Throughout these adaptations the audience has typically involved a panel or audience of two or three adults, whether in-person (termed “in vivo” by some authors e.g. Shiban et al. (2016) as in the original TSST (Kirschbaum et al., 1993) or delivered via VR. Some exceptions have also experimented with video delivery using a pre-recorded audience such as in the Leiden public speaking task (Westenberg et al., 2009). The presence or absence of an in-person audience and the degree of human authenticity differentiates within social stress testing paradigms, highlighting the importance of a key stressor characteristic, that of social evaluative threat (SET). Described by Dickerson and Kemeny (2004) in the context of their social self-preservation theory, the selfpreservation system is attuned to detect esteem or status threats to the social self, initiating psychological and physiological responses to protect against these experiences.

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