ارتباط بین اختلاف خود واقعی و ایده آل
ترجمه نشده

ارتباط بین اختلاف خود واقعی و ایده آل

عنوان فارسی مقاله: تامل به طور انتخابی ارتباط بین اختلاف خود واقعی و ایده آل (اما نه حتمی و واقعی) و علائم اضطراب و افسردگی را میانجی گری میکند.
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Rumination selectively mediates the association between actual-ideal (but not actual-ought) self-discrepancy and anxious and depressive symptoms
مجله/کنفرانس: شخصیت و تفاوت های فردی – Personality and Individual Differences
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی عمومی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: اختلافات خود واقعی – ایده آل و واقعی – حتمی، تامل، علائم اضطراب و افسردگی، پریشانی روانی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Actual-ideal and actual-ought self-discrepancies، Rumination، Anxious and depressive symptoms، Psychological distress
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.05.047
دانشگاه: Psychology Department, Edith Cowan University, Australia
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2.383 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 141 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1.245 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0191-8869
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 6
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E13691
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1. Introduction


2. Method


3. Results


4. Discussion


Funding


Declaration of Competing Interest


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Actual-ideal and actual-ought self-discrepancies have been theorised to be independently associated with depressive and anxious symptoms respectively. This study tested this prediction and extended it to consider whether rumination mediates these relationships. One hundred and thirty-eight students (48 males, 90 females) listed four adjectives describing how they would ideally hope to be and four adjectives describing how they ought to be. Participants then rated how distant they perceived themselves to be from each of their ideal and ought selves, as well as the importance of each ideal and ought self. Finally, participants self-reported levels of negative rumination, anxious and depressive symptoms. Actual-ideal self-discrepancy was independently associated with both anxious and depressive symptoms, whereas actual-ought self-discrepancy was independently associated with anxious symptoms only. Rumination mediated the independent relationships between actualideal self-discrepancy and anxious and depressive symptoms. Actual-ought self-discrepancy retained an independent association with anxious symptoms that was not mediated through rumination. Anxious and depressive symptoms both have independent associations with actual-ideal self-discrepancies, whereas anxious symptoms are uniquely associated with actual-ought self-discrepancies. We reveal further evidence for rumination as a cognitive-motivational transdiagnostic process linking self-regulatory difficulties with anxious and depressive symptoms.


Introduction


Theorists have suggested that anxiety and depression share some cognitive, affective and behavioural features but have other features that are distinct (e.g., Clark, Watson, & Mineka, 1994; Mineka, Watson, & Clark, 1998). The tripartite model of anxiety and depression (Clark et al., 1994) suggests that these conditions share a common core of negative affect, with depression being distinguished by low positive affect and anxiety by autonomic hyperarousal. While these emotional states typically co-occur, the literature indicates that certain features differentiate anxiety and depression. Distinguishing the self-regulatory processes that have common versus distinct associations with anxiety and depression will further inform our understanding of the nature of these emotional symptoms. To date though, relatively little research has examined which self-regulatory processes have common and distinct relationships with anxiety and depression (but see Dickson & MacLeod, 2004a, 2004b, Winch, Moberly, & Dickson, 2015). Self-regulation theorists posit that aversive affective states result from an individual’s inability to regulate their perceived current state with respect to their desired states (Carver, 2006; Carver & Scheier, 1998; Dickson & Moberly, 2013; Dickson, Moberly, O’Dea, & Field, 2016; Higgins, 1987, 1997). Higgins’ (1997) regulatory focus theory (RFT) proposes that two basic components are involved in representations of future states used for self-regulation: the valence of the anticipated goal outcome (positive vs. negative) and the orientation of the goal (promotion vs. prevention).

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