آناتومی سیستم عصبی تنفر از خود
ترجمه نشده

آناتومی سیستم عصبی تنفر از خود

عنوان فارسی مقاله: آناتومی ساختاری سیستم عصبی تنفر از خود: تجزیه و تحلیل ریخت شناسی مبتنی بر وکسل (VBM) با یک نمونه غیر کلینیکی
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: The structural neuroanatomy of self-disgust: A VBM analysis with a nonclinical sample
مجله/کنفرانس: شخصیت و تفاوت های فردی – Personality and Individual Differences
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی بالینی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: تنفر از خود، حالت افسردگی، ریخت شناسی مبتنی بر وکسل
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Self-disgust، Depressed mood، Voxel-based morphometry
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.06.003
دانشگاه: Clinical Psychology, University of Graz, BioTechMed Graz, Universitätsplatz 2, 8010 Graz, Austria
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2.383 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 141 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1.245 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0191-8869
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 5
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E13701
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1. Introduction


2. Methods


3. Results


4. Discussion


Author contribution


Funding


Declaration of Competing Interest


Appendix A. Supplementary data


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


The personality trait self-disgust describes the tendency of individuals to appraise themselves as repulsive. This may refer to their own body and personality (‘personal self-disgust’) and/or to their behaviors (‘behavioral selfdisgust’). The current voxel-based morphometry (VBM) study aimed at identifying associations between grey matter volume (GMV) in specific brain regions of the ‘disgust network’ (e.g., insula, prefrontal cortex) and reported self-disgust in a non-clinical sample. VBM data from 59 women (mean age = 24.8 years) with high vs. low scores on a self-disgust questionnaire were compared with each other. Relative to women with low personal self-disgust, women with a higher degree of this trait were characterized by less GMV in the bilateral insula. This difference was independent of depressed mood. The reduced insula volume may be one neural correlate of an undifferentiated, negatively valenced self-concept.


Introduction


According to evolutionary approaches, disgust evolved as a disease avoidance emotion (Davey, 2011). A variety of different stimuli and situations, such as spoiled food, body products, poor hygiene, and illness typically elicits disgust. The common characteristic of these disgust elicitors is that they can transmit pathogens, parasites and other infectious agents. Therefore, disgust motivates behaviors that reduce the risk of contamination, such as avoidance, rejection, grooming, and cleaning. However, disgust reactions are not limited to disease-relevant cues. Disgust can impact on many other areas of life. Disgust influences friend and mate choices, what social groups we reject (concepts of outgroups), political attitudes, moral decisions, as well as social learning (for a review see Kavaliers, Ossenkopp, & Choleris, 2019). Thus, disgust is a motivational system, which is involved in a broad spectrum of avoidance/rejection behaviors. Disgust is typically directed toward stimuli in the external environment but sometimes people show self-directed disgust responses. Self-disgust is defined as the tendency to experience disgust when appraising one’s own personal attributes and behaviors (Overton, Markland, Taggart, Bagshaw, & Simpson, 2008). Overton et al. (2008) were the first ones who developed a questionnaire for the assessment of the personality trait self-disgust. The self-disgust scale (SDS) has a twofactor structure: disgust as it relates to aspects of the self (disgusting self; e.g., “I find myself repulsive”) and disgust as it relates to aspects of one’s behavior (disgusting ways; e.g., ‘The way I behave, makes me despise myself’).

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