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عنوان فارسی مقاله: تصمیم گیری برای خود و دیگران: چگونه تمرکز نظارتی بر “تاثیر نقش تصمیم گیرنده” برای انتخاب های میان مدتی تأثیر می گذارد
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Making decisions for oneself and others: How regulatory focus influences the ‘decision maker role effect’ for intertemporal choices
مجله/کنفرانس: شخصیت و تفاوت های فردی – Personality and Individual Differences
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی عمومی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: نوع تمرکز نظارتی، تفاوت های خود با دیگران، تاثیر نقش تصمیم گیرنده، انتخاب میان مدتی
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Regulatory focus type، Self-other differences، Decision maker role effect، Intertemporal choice
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.05.034
دانشگاه: School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, China
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2.383 در سال 2018
شاخص H_index: 141 در سال 2019
شاخص SJR: 1.245 در سال 2018
شناسه ISSN: 0191-8869
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2018
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 8
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E13707
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1. Introduction


2. Overview of the present study


3. General discussion


4. Limitations and future research


5. Conclusion


Ethical approval


Informed consent


Declaration of Competing Interest


Acknowledgement


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


We examined self-other differences in an intertemporal choice context, investigating whether choices vary according to different types of regulatory focus. In Study 1, the role of chronic regulatory focus on self-other intertemporal choice was investigated. In Study 2, we designed a causal chain of studies (Study 2a and 2b) to further examine the role of situational regulatory focus in the context of self-other intertemporal choice. Overall, we found a self-other difference for intertemporal choice: individuals who make choices for themselves or for an intimate friend prefer later and larger (LL) rewards than those making choices for a complete stranger, thus demonstrating a ‘decision maker role effect’. Secondly, regardless of chronic or induced regulatory focus, participants with a promotion focus preferred more immediate rewards, while participants with a prevention focus preferred deferred rewards. The self-other difference in intertemporal choice was manifested differently for those holding a chronic promotion focus versus those holding a chronic prevention focus; situationally induced regulatory focus, on the other hand, was found to play a mediating role in self-other intertemporal choice.


Introduction


Imagine being offered a choice between two monetary rewards: one option involves $10 being awarded right away, while the other provides $15 after one week. Which option would you choose? In our daily life, we are continuously confronted with choices that involve trade-offs between costs and delayed payoffs. Should you spend the money you make immediately or deposit it and spend it later? Should you take that job now, or spend more time in education in order to have a chance at a better job later on? This kind of decision making is known as intertemporal choice (Loewenstein, Read, & Baumeister, 2004). Given that intertemporal choice is so widespread, it has received significant attention across the fields of psychology, neuroscience and economics. A fundamental discovery is that individuals put larger value on sooner and smaller (SS) options than later and larger (LL) options, an effect known as the “time discount phenomenon”, or “Immediacy Effects” (Frederick, Loewenstein, & O’donoghue, 2002; Wang, Hao, Hu, & Shi, 2017). Just as in the opening example, most people will prefer to get $10 right now than obtaining $15 in one week. That is to say, most people prefer the SS option over the LL option. However, this tendency can reverse in some situations. For example, when two rewards are both far away in time, decision makers act relatively patiently, choosing the LL option. It is only when both rewards are brought forward in time that these preferences exhibit a reversal, reflecting greater impatience (Angeletos, Laibson, Repetto, Tobacman, & Weinberg, 2001). This is known as a Dynamic Inconsistency Effect.

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