نقش فعالیت بدنی در حفاظت از اضطراب حادثه
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نقش فعالیت بدنی در حفاظت از اضطراب حادثه

عنوان فارسی مقاله: فعالیت بدنی از اضطراب حادثه محافظت می کند: متاآنالیز مطالعات هم گروهی آینده نگر
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Physical activity protects from incident anxiety: A meta‐analysis of prospective cohort studies
مجله/کنفرانس: افسردگی و اضطراب - Depression And Anxiety
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی، تربیت بدنی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی عمومی، روانشناسی بالینی، روانشناسی صنعتی و سازمانی، روانشناسی ورزشی، فیزیولوژی فعالیت بدنی و تندرستی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: گذر هراسی، اضطراب، ورزش، شیوع، متاآنالیز، وحشت، فعالیت بدنی، اختلال استرس پس از آسیب روانی، محافظت
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: agoraphobia، anxiety، exercise، incidence، meta‐analysis، panic، physical activity، posttraumatic stress disorder، protection
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله مروری (Review Article)
نمایه: Master Journal List - JCR - MedLine - Scopus
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22915
دانشگاه: Department of Sports Methods and Techniques, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil
ناشر: وایلی - Wiley
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2019
ایمپکت فاکتور: 5/461 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 110 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 2/760 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 1520-6394
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 13
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E13948
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- INTRODUCTION


2- METHODS


3- RESULTS


4- DISCUSSION


5- CONCLUSION


REFERENCES

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Background
Prospective cohorts have suggested that physical activity (PA) can decrease the risk of incident anxiety. However, no meta‐analysis has been conducted.
Aims
To examine the prospective relationship between PA and incident anxiety and explore potential moderators.
Methods
Searches were conducted on major databases from inception to October 10, 2018 for prospective studies (at least 1 year of follow‐up) that calculated the odds ratio (OR) of incident anxiety in people with high PA against people with low PA. Methodological quality was assessed using the Newcastle‐Ottawa Scale (NOS). A random‐effects meta‐analysis was conducted and heterogeneity was explored using subgroup and meta‐regression analysis.
Results
Across 14 cohorts of 13 unique prospective studies (N = 75,831, median males = 50.1%) followed for 357,424 person‐years, people with high self‐reported PA (versus low PA) were at reduced odds of developing anxiety (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 0.74; 95% confidence level [95% CI] = 0.62, 0.88; crude OR = 0.80; 95% CI = 0.69, 0.92). High self‐reported PA was protective against the emergence of agoraphobia (AOR = 0.42; 95% CI = 0.18, 0.98) and posttraumatic stress disorder (AOR = 0.57; 95% CI = 0.39, 0.85). The protective effects for anxiety were evident in Asia (AOR = 0.31; 95% CI = 0.10, 0.96) and Europe (AOR = 0.82; 95% CI = 0.69, 0.97); for children/adolescents (AOR = 0.52; 95% CI = 0.29, 0.90) and adults (AOR = 0.81; 95% CI = 0.69, 0.95). Results remained robust when adjusting for confounding factors. Overall study quality was moderate to high (mean NOS = 6.7 out of 9).
Conclusion
Evidence supports the notion that self‐reported PA can confer protection against the emergence of anxiety regardless of demographic factors. In particular, higher PA levels protects from agoraphobia and posttraumatic disorder.


INTRODUCTION


Anxiety disorders are common and burdensome across the world (Baxter, Vos, Scott, Norman, et al., 2014; Baxter, Vos, Scott, Ferrari, & Whiteford, 2014). The point prevalence varies across world regions, ranging between 2.1% (range, 1.8–2.5%) in East Asia up to 6.1% (range, 5.1–7.4%) in North Africa/Middle East (Baxter, Vos, Scott, Ferrari, et al., 2014; Baxter, Vos, Scott, Norman, et al., 2014). The prevalence of anxiety symptoms is even higher, at approximately 11% worldwide (Stubbs, Koyanagi et al., 2017). Globally, anxiety disorders are the sixth leading cause of disability regarding years of life lived with disability across all ages, and fourth in adults (18–49 years; Meier et al., 2016). In addition, anxiety disorders are associated with a 39% and 146% increased risk of premature mortality from natural causes and unnatural causes, respectively (Meier et al., 2016). People with anxiety disorders are at higher risk of cardiometabolic diseases, such as diabetes and acute cardiac events (Edmondson & von Kanel, 2017; Smith, Deschenes, & Schmitz, 2018). This is potentially due to shared etiological biological factors between anxiety and cardiovascular disorders (e.g., increased inflammation and oxidative stress; Belem da Silva et al., 2017), but also due to modifiable risk behaviors like lower physical activity (PA) levels and increased sedentary behavior (Stubbs, Koyanagi et al., 2017; Vancampfort, Stubbs, Herring, Hallgren, & Koyanagi, 2018). Although several previous cross‐sectional studies suggest that people with anxiety disorders or higher levels of anxiety symptoms are more likely to engage in lower levels of PA (22.9% versus 16.6%; Dillon, McMahon, O’Regan, & Perry, 2018; Stubbs, Koyanagi et al., 2017) and spend more time in sedentary activities when compared with people without anxiety (Dillon et al., 2018; Teychenne, Costigan, & Parker, 2015; Vancampfort et al., 2016, 2018), PA is not always inversely associated with anxiety symptoms (Nguyen et al., 2013).

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