کودکان دارای یا بدون لکنت
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عنوان فارسی مقاله: مقیاس گزارش والدین از منع رفتاری: اعتبار سنجی و کاربرد آن برای کودکان در سن پیش دبستانی که دارای یا بدون لکنت هستند
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: A parent-report scale of behavioral inhibition: Validation and application to preschool-age children who do and do not stutter
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله اختلالات روانی – Journal of Fluency Disorders
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی عمومی، روانشناسی بالینی کودک و نوجوان
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: ارزیابی، لکنت دوران کودکی، منع رفتاری
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Assessment; childhood stuttering; behavioral inhibition
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus – Master Journals List – JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfludis.2020.105748
دانشگاه: Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Vanderbilt University, United States
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 2.023 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 47 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 0.870 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: ۰۰۹۴-۷۳۰X
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 71
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E14649
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Introduction


Study 1: Development and validation of SBIS


Study 2: Application of SBIS to the study of BI relative to childhood stuttering


Discussion


Caveats


Conclusion


Author note


Funding


Appendix A


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Purpose This two-part (i.e., Study 1, Study 2) study investigated behavioral inhibition (BI) in preschool-age children who do (CWS) and do not (CWNS) stutter. The purpose of Study 1 was to develop the Short Behavioral Inhibition Scale (SBIS), a parent-report scale of BI. The purpose of Study 2 was to determine, based on the SBIS, differences in BI between CWS and CWNS, and associations between BI and CWS’s stuttering frequency, stuttering severity, speech-associated attitudes, and stuttering-related consequences/reactions. Method Participants in Study 1 were 225 CWS and 243 CWNS with the majority of them being included in Study 2. In Study 2, a speech sample was obtained for the calculation of stuttering frequency and severity, and the parents of a subset of CWS completed the Communication Attitude Test for Preschool and Kindergarten Children Who Stutter (Vanryckeghem & Brutten, 2007), and the Test of Childhood Stuttering Disfluency-Related Consequences Rating Scale (Gillam, Logan, & Pearson, 2009). Results Study 1 analyses indicated that SBIS is a valid and reliable tool whose items assess a single, relatively homogeneous construct. In Study 2, CWS exhibited greater mean and extreme BI tendencies than CWNS. Also CWS with higher, compared to CWS with lower, BI presented with greater stuttering frequency, more severe stuttering, greater stuttering-related consequences, and more negative communication attitudes (for CWS older than 4 years of age). Conclusion Findings were taken to suggest that BI is associated with early childhood stuttering and that the SBIS could be included as part of a comprehensive evaluation of stuttering.


Introduction


From early infancy through adulthood, individuals show remarkable variability in the way they react to, interact with, and operate within their environment. Such differences in the intensity and frequency of reactions to stimuli, together with attempts to regulate them are associated in part with individuals’ temperament. Although, as suggested by Rothbart (2011), temperament is biologically or constitutionally based, its phenotype is influenced or molded by the complex and continued interplay between genetic and environmental factors (Buss & Plomin, 1984). One temperamental construct that has received considerable attention since its introduction by Kagan and his colleagues (Garcia Coll, Kagan, & Reznick, 1984; Kagan, Reznick, Clarke, Snidman, & Garcia Coll, 1984; Kagan, Snidman, & Arcus, 1998) is behavioral inhibition (BI). As described by Rubin, Hastings, Stewart, Henderson, and Chen (1997), BI refers to the tendency to process and react to unfamiliar/novel stimuli (people, objects, social situations) with behavioral signs of cautiousness, fear, restraint, wariness, and withdrawal. Children with strong BI tendencies are typically hypervigilant in novel or uncertain situations, highly alerted to novel stimuli, more likely to present patterns of negative affectivity and often described as shy, quiet, and reticent (Lonigan, Vasey, Phillips, & Hazen, 2004).

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