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عنوان فارسی مقاله: تأثیرات طلاق بر کودکان بسیار خردسال
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Effects of Divorce on Very Young Children
مجله/کنفرانس: دانشنامه رشد در اوایل دوران کودکی و نوزادی (چاپ دوم) - Encyclopedia of Infant and Early Childhood Development. Second Edition
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: روانشناسی عمومی، روانشناسی رشد، روانشناسی بالینی کودک و نوجوان، روانسنجی
نوع نگارش مقاله: دایره المعارف (Encyclopedia)
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809324-5.23565-7
دانشگاه: Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MI, United States
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 9
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E14689
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Introduction


Divorce in Families With Very Young Children in the United States


Unique Difficulties of Younger Children Versus Older Children


Children's Reactions to Parents' Divorce


Attachment Research


Diminished Parenting Following Divorce


Parental Conflict


Maternal Gatekeeping


Overnight Stays


Child Custody Arrangements


Gender Differences Among Children


Other Issues Affecting Young Children


Resiliency of Young Children


Conclusions and Future Directions


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Introduction


Despite high divorce rates, there are relatively few studies on the effects of divorce on very young children in the United States. Despite this small body of research, existing studies have shown that young children face challenges linked to divorce including diminished parenting, exposure to parental conflict, and behavioral and emotional issues, as well as economic and residential instability. Although divorce can be detrimental to very young children, research has also shown that young children are resilient. Studies have reported that overnight stays with the noncustodial parent, joint custody arrangements, low conflict parenting relationships, parental planning, and some types of family interventions have the potential to assuage challenges faced by children. Thus, recent research has underscored the resilience of children following divorce. Even though many children face difficulties associated with divorce, families often restabilize with time, and most children move into adulthood without facing long-term problems.


Divorce in Families With Very Young Children in the United States


Divorce rates have declined across the United States, especially among younger couples who are also more likely to be in their childbearing years (Kennedy and Ruggles, 2014). Nonetheless, a number of young children will experience their parents’ divorce. According to recent estimates from the 2017 American Community Survey, about 5.4% of children ages 0 to 3 live with a currently divorced parent. Moreover, out of all children living with a divorced parent, 15% of these children were between the ages of 0 and 3. Acknowledging the nuances in these numbers is also crucial for understanding changes to families in the United States over time. For example, these numbers do not capture children who have a divorced parent who later remarries. Further, these data do not assess children who are born to cohabiting parents, which according to recent estimates comprise about 20% of births. Moreover, cohabiting parents may later split, especially as researchers find that children in cohabiting unions are twice as likely to see their parents dissolve their union relative to children with married parents (Heuveline et al., 2003; Kennedy and Bumpass, 2008). Thus, many children with married or cohabiting parents are susceptible to the consequences of their parents’ divorce or union dissolution. Despite the prevalence of divorce among young children, there are still relatively few studies that have focused exclusively on the consequences of parents’ breakup for this age group. Young children face difficulty in coping with marital dissolution and often experience stress as well as behavioral or emotional problems following their parents’ divorce. Further, many children are disadvantaged after their parents’ divorce because they often lose the same type and amount of access to one parent who was likely a crucial provider of both emotional and financial support to the child (Hetherington and Kelly, 2002).

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