ترسیم نقشه های اضطراری زلزله بر اساس تئوری مخاطبان
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ترسیم نقشه های اضطراری زلزله بر اساس تئوری مخاطبان

عنوان فارسی مقاله: ترسیم نقشه های اضطراری زلزله بر اساس تئوری مخاطبان
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Plotting earthquake emergency maps based on audience theory
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله بین المللی کاهش خطر بلا - International Journal Of Disaster Risk Reduction
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: عمران، جغرافیا، زمین شناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: زلزله، مخاطرات محیطی، نقشه برداری، زمین شناسی مهندسی، سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: نقشه برداری اضطراری، فاجعه زلزله، تئوری مخاطبان، نقشه موضوعی، سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی (GIS)
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Emergency mapping، Earthquake disaster، Audience theory، Thematic map، Geographic information system
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101554
دانشگاه: College of Geomatics Science and Technology, Nanjing Tech University, 30 South Puzhu Road, Nanjing, China
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 3/054 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 28 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 1/346 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 2212-4209
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 12
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E14801
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


1- Introduction


2- The audiences of earthquake emergency maps


3- Earthquake emergency maps for different audiences


4- Mapping earthquake emergency maps


5- Case study and discussion


6- Conclusions


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


Emergency response and rescue is an important way to mitigate the loss caused by earthquakes. Various maps containing information about earthquakes provide effective guidance and references for individuals undertaking such action. However, the production of earthquake emergency maps aimed at the “right” user in an effective manner is challenging. In this study, we focus on two questions: (1) Who are the users of earthquake emergency maps and what information do these individuals need? (2) How can the maps be produced quickly and efficiently according to the requirements of different users? To answer the first question, we classify the users into four categories under the guidance of audience theory: earthquake emergency decision-makers, auxiliary decision-making technicians, emergency rescue workers, and the public. The map contents are also described according to the requirements of different audiences. We depict the methods used for representation in such earthquake emergency maps for different audiences, which places a foundation for answering the second question. Following that, a template-matching mapping method is proposed for the rapid production of emergency maps, including two phases: before the earthquake templates of emergency maps for different audiences are prepared; after an earthquake, the template is updated with information from seismic models, so that the emergency maps are automatically plotted. Finally, a case study is provided to verify the mapping method. We conclude that the application of audience theory and the related template-matching method for map production not only answers the two questions but also will benefit the emergency mapping of other disasters.


Introduction


Earthquakes are natural disasters that usually lead to numerous deaths and injuries, and extensive economic loss [1]. China lies between the circum-Pacific seismic belt and the Eurasian seismic zone and has suffered from some of the most severe earthquake disasters in the world [2]. For example, the Wenchuan earthquake in 2008 caused 69,227 deaths, 374,643 injuries, 17,923 missing people, and more than 10,000 square kilometers of severe damage [3]. A method for the accurate short- and medium-period prediction of earthquakes has not yet been discovered. Earthquake emergency response and rescue is an important means by which mitigation of such disasters can take place after an earthquake, and the effectiveness of this system has often been verified [4]. After the occurrence of an earthquake, maps that include information pertaining to an earthquake and the associated possible disaster can provide a foundation for effective emergency search and rescue, and therefore play an important role in the emergency response and rescue process. These maps are therefore essential thematic maps that display the various types of information needed for earthquake emergency command and rescue. Earthquake emergency maps are important to the leaders of rescue operations and the staff members of governments. These individuals can intuitively understand the information regarding an earthquake disaster, and carry out rescue operations in a timely manner [5]. The three days following an earthquake are known as the “golden period of emergency rescue”; after this time the number of dead sharply increases [6,7]. In China, the government needs approximately 24 h to collect and send emergency rescue materials to a disaster area, which is usually located in the mountain regions of Southwest China. This means that the governmental lead needs to make rescue decisions within half a day following an earthquake. In such a situation, emergency maps that include useful information are crucial in aiding such decision-makers. However, the means by which useful maps in earthquake emergencies can be produced in an effective manner is challenging. Two questions concerning earthquake emergency mapping are discussed in this paper. Many people are involved in emergency response and rescue.

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