ارزیابی کیفیت آب با سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی
ترجمه نشده

ارزیابی کیفیت آب با سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: ارزیابی کیفیت آب کانال Jhelum پایین در پاکستان با استفاده از سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی (GIS)
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Water quality assessment of lower Jhelum canal in Pakistan by using geographic information system (GIS)
مجله/کنفرانس: آب زیرزمینی برای توسعه پایدار – Groundwater for Sustainable Development
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی عمران، جغرافیا، مهندسی محیط زیست
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی و مدیریت منابع آب، سنجش از دور و سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی GIS، آب و فاضلاب
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی، آلودگی، کیفیت آب، شاخص کیفیت آب، کانال Jhelum پایین، وزن دهی فاصله معکوس
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Geographic information system، Contamination، Water quality، Water quality index، Lower Jhelum canal، Inverse distance weighting
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsd.2020.100357
دانشگاه: Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2020
ایمپکت فاکتور: 4.298 در سال 2019
شاخص H_index: 14 در سال 2020
شاخص SJR: 0.865 در سال 2019
شناسه ISSN: 2352-801X
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2019
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 9
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15041
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

Abstract


Graphical abstract


۱٫ Introduction


۲٫ Material and methods


۳٫ Results and discussion


۴٫ Conclusion


Declaration of interests


Acknowledgment:


References

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Abstract


The aim of this study is to assess the water quality of Lower Jhelum Canal (LJC) and its suitability for irrigation purposes. An effort has been made to develop a method by integrating water quality index with geographic information system (GIS) for an effective interpretation of LJC water quality. The pollution status of LJC was estimated by different physicochemical and biological parameters. Based on results of analysis, a spatial distribution map of selected water quality parameters was prepared using GIS. An inverse distance weighting (IDW), which is an interpolation technique, was applied to prepare a thematic layer of parameters at each station of Lower Jhelum canal. The results of individual parameters showed that the concentrations of contamination were within permissible limits of WHO and NEQS guidelines except for E. coli. Overall, most of the water falls in excellent quality category indicating the suitability of water for irrigation purpose. The results suggest that most of the water can be used for irrigation and various intended purposes except direct use of water for potable or drinking purposes without treatment.


Introduction


Water is the most significant ingredient for supporting and evolution of life (Kuutondokwa, 2008). Humans get different sorts of benefits from freshwater, which includes water for drinking, industrialization, domestic uses, irrigation, for the production of waterfowl and fisheries, use for leisure, shipping, and waste discarding (Jackson et al., 2001). Water is a source of economic gain. Almost 70% of water is used in agricultural production, which is indirectly the cause of economic growth (Brown and Matlock, 2011). Water resources (Freshwater) are becoming limited for individuals due to overpopulation, so the accessibility of freshwater for human beings decreases (Iqbal et al., 2018). Quality of freshwater deteriorates by developmental activities that contaminate the water bodies, their effects on human health, ecosystem disturbance and issues related to its management and monitoring (Iqbal et al., 2019). Water quality deterioration is the primary threat to public health at the global level (Rahman et al., 2020). Anthropogenic actions, like improper disposal of municipal, industrialized effluents, and unsystematic use of chemicals in agriculture, are vital aspects causative in the worsening of water quality (Azizullah et al., 2011; Iqbal et al., 2020; Subedi et al., 2019; Shirani et al., 2018; Li et al., 2020). The result of these activities is eutrophication, loss of water quality, loss of biodiversity, effects on human health and social security, deposition of nutrients and other inorganic pollutants, acidification and significant economic losses (Kraemer et al., 2001). Contamination of water leads to water scarcity or it may be polluted at that level where it is expensive to treat (Gupta et al., 2012; Maged et al., 2020; Imran et al., 2020). Consequences of both water treatment and water scarcity with high cost would be the reason for the increase in water prices (Kuutondokwa, 2008). According to (Rogers et al., 2002), water is an efficient good. However, the nations which have water resources could grow their economies, while on the other hand, it will be difficult for poor or developing countries, even to avail of their essential needs.

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