مقاله انگلیسی همه گیری COVID-19 استراتژی مدیریت پسماند جامع و همه گیر و بهداشتی
ترجمه نشده

مقاله انگلیسی همه گیری COVID-19 استراتژی مدیریت پسماند جامع و همه گیر و بهداشتی

عنوان فارسی مقاله: همه گیری COVID-19 استراتژی مدیریت پسماند جامع و همه گیر و بهداشتی - یک بررسی مختصر
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: COVID-19 pandemic and healthcare solid waste management strategy – A mini-review
مجله/کنفرانس: علم محیط زیست کل - Science of The Total Environment
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: مهندسی محیط زیست، پزشکی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: بهداشت محیط، آلودگی محیط زیست، بازیافت و مدیریت پسماند، بهداشت عمومی
کلمات کلیدی فارسی: زباله های جامد بهداشتی ، COVID-19 ، مدیریت پسماندهای بهداشتی ، چالش ها ، راه حل ها
کلمات کلیدی انگلیسی: Healthcare solid waste, COVID-19, Healthcare waste management, Challenges, Solutions
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله مروری (Review Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR - MedLine
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146220
دانشگاه: Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2021
ایمپکت فاکتور: 6.551 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 224 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 1.661 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 0048-9697
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 8
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: خیر
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: ندارد
کد محصول: E15408
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
نوع رفرنس دهی: vancouver
فهرست مطالب (انگلیسی)

Highlights


Abstract


Graphical abstract


Keywords


1. Introduction


2. Methods used to conduct the mini-review


3. Composition of healthcare waste


4. Persistence rate of COVID-19 virus and its possible transmission through healthcare solid waste


5. Waste management strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic


6. Challenges


7. Potential for healthcare solid waste management strategies


8. Conclusions


Funding


Ethical approval


CRediT authorship contribution statement


Declaration of competing interest


Acknowledgments


References

بخشی از مقاله (انگلیسی)

Abstract


Healthcare waste comprises the waste generated by healthcare facilities, medical laboratories and biomedical research facilities. Improper treatment of this waste poses serious risks of disease transmission to waste pickers, waste workers, health workers, patients, and the community in general through exposure to infectious agents. Poor management of the waste emits harmful and deleterious contaminants into society. However, contamination of highly contagious agents such as the COVID-19 virus has created enormous instability in healthcare waste handling and subsequent recycling because of the volume of the waste generated and its contagious nature. Several countries have adopted safety measures to combat this contamination and manage healthcare waste; however, these measures are insufficient and vary depending on the context of the country. In addition, the WHO has set out guidelines for management of healthcare waste. These guidelines are helping to manage the highly contagious healthcare waste resulting from the current pandemic. Proper healthcare waste management may add value by reducing the spread of the COVID-19 virus and increasing the recyclability of materials instead of sending them to landfill. Disinfecting and sorting out healthcare waste facilitates sustainable management and allows their utilization for valuable purposes. This review discusses the different healthcare solid waste management strategies practiced in different countries, the challenges faced during this management, and the possible solutions for overcoming these challenges. It also provides useful insights into healthcare solid waste management scenarios during the COVID-19 pandemic and a possible way forward.


 


1. Introduction


After radiation waste, healthcare waste is considered the second most hazardous waste globally. It includes various forms of waste, both hazardous and non-hazardous, such as sharps, human body parts, blood, chemical waste, pharmaceutical waste, and medical devices (Rodriguez-Morales, 2013). All of this waste is produced mainly by hospitals, primary care facilities, laboratories, mortuaries, autopsy centers, laboratories, blood banks, nursing homes, and other medical locations (Pepin et al., 2014). It is generated during diagnosis, treatment, immunization of humans or animals, research, or the production or testing of biologicals. If not properly handled, it can have devastating effects on human health (Johannessen et al., 2000). During any infectious disease outbreak, the waste generated from healthcare facilities increases exponentially; as a result, special care must be taken by management in order to avoid troubling impacts (Ramteke and Sahu, 2020).


The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has arisen from the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes an acute respiratory disease (Mol and Caldas, 2020; WHO, 2019; WHO, 2020b); it was first reported in Wuhan, China (Wang et al., 2020) in December 2019. It has been acknowledged as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) (Wilder-Smith and Osman, 2020), and the virus has spread to almost all countries across the globe. The pandemic continues to be a significant public health threat worldwide. The rapid increase in the number of COVID-19 infected patients and the highly transmissible nature of the disease have led to a high number of hospitalizations. 

دیدگاه خود را بنویسید:

تاکنون دیدگاهی برای این نوشته ارسال نشده است