مقاله انگلیسی تمایل به واکسیناسیون در برابر COVID-19 در ایالات متحده
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مقاله انگلیسی تمایل به واکسیناسیون در برابر COVID-19 در ایالات متحده

عنوان فارسی مقاله: تمایل به واکسیناسیون در برابر COVID-19 در ایالات متحده: شواهد طولی نماینده از آوریل تا اکتبر 2020
عنوان انگلیسی مقاله: Willingness to Vaccinate Against COVID-19 in the U.S.: Representative Longitudinal Evidence From April to October 2020
مجله/کنفرانس: مجله پزشکی پیشگیری آمریکا - American Journal of Preventive Medicine
رشته های تحصیلی مرتبط: پزشکی، روانشناسی
گرایش های تحصیلی مرتبط: ایمونولوژی، روانشناسی عمومی
نوع نگارش مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی (Research Article)
نمایه: Scopus - Master Journals List - JCR - MedLine
شناسه دیجیتال (DOI): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2021.01.008
دانشگاه: Maynooth University, Ireland
ناشر: الزویر - Elsevier
نوع ارائه مقاله: ژورنال
نوع مقاله: ISI
سال انتشار مقاله: 2021
ایمپکت فاکتور: 3.997 در سال 2020
شاخص H_index: 216 در سال 2021
شاخص SJR: 2.287 در سال 2020
شناسه ISSN: 0749-3797
شاخص Quartile (چارک): Q1 در سال 2020
فرمت مقاله انگلیسی: PDF
تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی: 8
وضعیت ترجمه: ترجمه نشده است
قیمت مقاله انگلیسی: رایگان
آیا این مقاله بیس است: بله
آیا این مقاله مدل مفهومی دارد: دارد
آیا این مقاله پرسشنامه دارد: ندارد
آیا این مقاله متغیر دارد: دارد
کد محصول: E15488
رفرنس: دارای رفرنس در داخل متن و انتهای مقاله
نوع رفرنس دهی: vancouver
فهرست انگلیسی مطالب

 Introduction


Methods


Results


Conclusions


INTRODUCTION


METHODS


RESULTS


DISCUSSION


CONCLUSIONS


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


Appendix. SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL


REFERENCES

نمونه متن انگلیسی مقاله

Introduction
Vaccines against COVID-19 have been developed in unprecedented time. However, the effectiveness of any vaccine is dictated by the proportion of the population willing to be vaccinated. This observational population-based study examines intentions to be vaccinated against COVID-19 throughout the pandemic.


Methods
In November 2020, longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of 7,547 U.S. adults enrolled in the Understanding America Study were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression. Participants reported being willing, undecided, and unwilling to get vaccinated against COVID-19 across 13 assessments conducted from April to October 2020. Public attitudes to vaccination against COVID-19 were also assessed on a 4-point Likert-type scale.


Results
Willingness to vaccinate declined from 71% in April to 53.6% in October. This was explained by an increase in the percentage of participants undecided about vaccinating (from 10.5% to 14.4%) and the proportion of the sample unwilling to vaccinate (from 18.5% to 32%). The population subgroups most likely to be undecided/unwilling to vaccinate were those without a degree (undecided: RR=2.47, 95% CI=2.04, 3.00; unwilling: RR=1.92, 95% CI=1.67, 2.20), Black participants (undecided: RR=2.18, 95% CI=1.73, 2.74; unwilling: RR=1.98, 95% CI=1.63, 2.42), and female participants (undecided: RR=1.41, 95% CI=1.20, 1.65; unwilling: RR=1.29, 95% CI=1.14, 1.46). Participants who were older or were on higher incomes were least likely to be undecided or unwilling to vaccinate. Concerns about potential side effects of a vaccine were common.


Conclusions
Intentions to be vaccinated against COVID-19 have declined rapidly during the pandemic, and close to half of Americans are undecided or unwilling to be vaccinated.


 


INTRODUCTION


As of the middle of February 2021, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been responsible for >2.3 million deaths worldwide.1 Vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have been developed in an unprecedented time, and there are now multiple vaccines that have been shown to be effective in preventing symptomatic COVID-19 infections.2 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued emergency use authorization for the mass roll out of the Pfizer–BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines,3 and other candidates may be approved for distribution in the near future. However, the overall effectiveness of any vaccine is dictated, at least in part, by the proportion of the population willing to be vaccinated. Simulation studies suggest that at least three quarters of the population may need to be vaccinated to extinguish the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.4,5


During the early stages of the pandemic (March–June), studies of small samples of European and Australian adults suggested that the majority of surveyed people reported that they would be vaccinated when a widely available vaccine was available.6,7 Similarly, a nationally representative study of adults in China conducted in March found that 9 in 10 persons would accept a vaccine when available.8 U.S. studies conducted early in the pandemic found that between 58% and 86% of adults reported that they were likely to be vaccinated against COVID-19.6,9, 10, 11

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